We calculated the longitudinal acoustic phonon limited electron mobility of 14 two dimensional semiconductors with composition of MX 2 , where M (= Mo, W, Sn, Hf, Zr and Pt) is the transition metal, and X is S, Se and Te. We treated the scattering matrix by deformation potential approximation. We found that out of the 14 compounds, MoTe 2 , HfSe 2 and HfTe 2 , are promising regarding to the possible high mobility and finite band gap. The phonon limited mobility can be above 2500 cm 2 V −1 s −1 at room temperature.
in order to restrict the loss of material. Furthermore, due to their scalability and flexibility, 3D flexible electronics (see Supporting Information (SI), where Table S1 contains a list) were considered revolutionary materials and were used in many fields such as imperceptible electronic devices, wearable electronic devices, and bionic technology.  Recently studies have shown the encapsulation of sulfur in the pores of carbon materials, such as meso-/microporous carbons,  cable-shaped carbon,  and carbon nanotubes/fibers,  can reduce the capacity fading. However, such nonpolar flexible carbon materials have a destructive disadvantage; they only have physical van der Waals (vdW) adsorption for polar Li 2 S n , which leads to the facile detachment of Li 2 S n from the carbon surface.  This proves that carbon-based materials alone cannot serve as the perfect host. In light of this new insight, various types of polar functional groups on carbon-based materials have been demonstrated to increase the interaction between Li 2 S n species and the electrode; these materials can generally be categorized into three types: polymers (polyaniline, polypyrrole, poly(3,4ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT)),  metal oxides
We report first results from a large project to measure black hole (BH) mass in high accretion rate active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Such objects may be different from other AGNs in being powered by slim accretion disks and showing saturated accretion luminosities, but both are not yet fully understood. The results are part of a large reverberation mapping (RM) campaign using the 2.4-m Shangri-La telescope at the Yunnan Observatory in China. The goals are to investigate the gas distribution near the BH and the properties of the central accretion disks, to measure BH mass and Eddington ratios, and to test the feasibility of using such objects as a new type of cosmological candles. The paper presents results for three objects, Mrk 335, Mrk 142 and IRAS F12397+3333 with Hβ time lags relative to the 5100Å continuum of 10.6 +1.7 −2.9 , 6.4 +0.8 −2.2 and 11.4 +2.9 −1.9 days, respectively. The corresponding BH masses are (8.3 +2.6 −3.2 ) × 10 6 M ⊙ , (3.4 +0.5 −1.2 ) × 10 6 M ⊙ and (7.5 +4.3 −4.1 ) × 10 6 M ⊙ , and the lower limits on the Eddington ratios 0.6, 2.3, and 4.6 for the minimal radiative efficiency of 0.038. Mrk 142 and IRAS F12397+333 (extinction corrected) clearly deviate from the currently known relation between Hβ lag and continuum luminosity. The three Eddington ratios are beyond the values expected in thin accretion disks and two of them are the largest measured so far among objects with RM-based BH masses. We briefly discuss implications for slim disks, BH growth and cosmology.
2D materials, represented by transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), have attracted tremendous research interests in photoelectronic and electronic devices. However, for their relatively small bandgap (<2 eV), the application of traditional TMDs into solar-blind ultraviolet (UV) photodetection is restricted. Here, for the first time, NiPS 3 nanosheets are grown via chemical vapor deposition method. The nanosheets thinning to 3.2 nm with the lateral size of dozens of micrometers are acquired. Based on the various nanosheets, a linearity is found between the Raman intensity of specific A g modes and the thickness, providing a convenient method to determine their layer numbers. Furthermore, a UV photodetector is fabricated using few-layered 2D NiPS 3 nanosheets. It shows an ultrafast rise time shorter than 5 ms with an ultralow dark current less than 10 fA. Notably, this UV photodetector demonstrates a high detectivity of 1.22 × 10 12 Jones, outperforming some traditional widebandgap UV detectors. The wavelength-dependent photoresponsivity measurement allows the direct observation of an admirable cut-off wavelength at 360 nm, which indicates a superior spectral selectivity. The promising photodetector performance, accompanied with the controllable fabrication and transfer process of nanosheet, lays the foundation of applying 2D semiconductors for ultrafast UV light detection.
This is the third in a series of papers reporting on a large reverberation-mapping campaign aimed to study the properties of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with high accretion rates. We present new results on the variability of the optical Fe II emission lines in 10 AGNs observed by the Yunnan Observatory 2.4 m telescope from2012 to2013. We detect statistically significant timelags, relative to the AGN continuum, in nine of the sources. This accurate measurement is achieved using a sophisticated spectral fitting scheme that allows for apparent flux variations of the host galaxy, and several narrowlines, due to the changing observing conditions. Six of the newly detected lags are indistinguishable from the Hβ lags measured in the same sources. Two are significantly longer and one is slightly shorter. Combining these findings with the Fe II lags reported in previous studies, we find an Fe II radius-luminosity relationship similar to the one for Hβ, although our sample by itself shows no clear correlation. The results support the idea that Fe II emission lines originate in photoionized gas, which, for the majority of the newly reported objects, is indistinguishable from the Hβ-emitting gas. We also present a tentative correlation between the lag and intensity of Fe II and Hβ and comment on its possible origin.
The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) has been explored extensively for reliable hydrogen supply to boost the energy conversion efficiency. The superior OER performance of newly developed non‐noble metal electrocatalysts has concealed the identification of the real active species of the catalysts. Now, the critical active phase in nickel‐based materials (represented by NiNPS) was directly identified by observing the dynamic surface reconstruction during the harsh OER process via combining in situ Raman tracking and ex situ microscopy and spectroscopy analyses. The irreversible phase transformation from NiNPS to α‐Ni(OH)2 and reversible phase transition between α‐Ni(OH)2 and γ‐NiOOH prior to OER demonstrate γ‐NiOOH as the key active species for OER. The hybrid catalyst exhibits 48‐fold enhanced catalytic current at 300 mV and remarkably reduced Tafel slope to 46 mV dec−1, indicating the greatly accelerated catalytic kinetics after surface evolution.
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