This paper proposes an improved analytical stray capacitance model for inductors. It considers the capacitances between the winding and the central limb, side limb, and yoke of the core. The latter two account for a significant proportion of the total capacitance with the increase of the core window utilization factor. The potential of the floating core/shield is derived analytically, which enables the model to apply not only for the grounded core/shield, but also for the floating core/shield cases. Based on the improved model, an analytical optimization method for the stray capacitance in inductors is proposed. Moreover, a global Pareto optimization is carried out to identify the trade-offs between the stray capacitance and ac resistance in the winding design. Finally, the analysis and design are verified by finite element method (FEM) simulations and experimental results on a 100 kHz dual active bridge (DAB) converter.
The wear-out performance of an impedancesource photovoltaic (PV) microinverter (MI) is evaluated and improved based on two different mission profiles. The operating principle and hardware implementation of the MI are firstly described. With the experimental measurements on a 300-W MI prototype and system-level finite element method (FEM) simulations, the electro-thermal models are built for the most reliability-critical components, i.e., power semiconductor devices and capacitors. The dependence of the power loss on the junction/hotspot temperature is considered, the enclosure temperature is taken into account, and the thermal cross-coupling effect between components is modeled. Then the long-term junction/ hotspot temperature profiles are derived and further translated into components' annual damages with the lifetime and damage accumulation models. After that, the Monte Carlo simulation and Weibull analysis are conducted to obtain the system wear-out failure probability over time. It reveals that both the mission profile and the thermal cross-coupling effect have a significant impact on the prediction of system wear-out failure, and the dc-link electrolytic capacitor is the bottleneck of long-term reliability. Finally, the multi-mode control with a variable dclink voltage is proposed, and a more reliable dc-link electrolytic capacitor is employed, which results in a remarkable reliability improvement for the studied PV MI.
This paper proposes a current-fed LLC resonant converter that is able to achieve high efficiency over a wide input voltage range. It is derived by integrating a two-phase interleaved Boost circuit and a full-bridge LLC circuit together by virtue of sharing the same full-bridge switching unit. Compared with conventional full-bridge LLC converter, the gain characteristic is improved in terms of both gain range and optimal operation area, fixed-frequency PWM control is employed to achieve output voltage regulation, and the input current ripple is minimized as well. The voltage across the turned-off primary-side switch can be always clamped by the bus voltage, reducing the switch voltage stress. Besides, its other distinct features, such as single-stage configuration, and soft switching for all switches also contribute to high power conversion efficiency. The operation principles are presented, and then the main characteristics regarding gain, input current ripple, and zero voltage switching (ZVS) considering the nonlinear output capacitance of MOSFET, are investigated and compared with conventional solutions. Also, the design procedure for some key parameters is presented, and two kinds of interleaved Boost integrated resonant converter topologies are generalized. Finally, experimental results of a converter prototype with 120-240V input and 24V/25A output verify all considerations.Index Terms-Current-fed converter, LLC resonant converter, fixed-frequency PWM control, wide voltage gain range.
This letter proposes a converter-level method for measuring the on-state voltages of all power semiconductors in a single-phase inverter by using a single circuit only. The proposed circuit distinguishes itself by connecting to the middle-point of each phase-leg, instead of the two powerterminals of individual devices as conventional methods do. It has the advantages of reduced circuit complexity, size, cost, and ease of connection. The principle and theoretical analysis of the proposed converter-level method are discussed. A case study on a single-phase full-bridge inverter is demonstrated to prove the concept.
The photovoltaic (PV) output voltage varies over a wide range depending on operating conditions. Thus, the PVconnected converters should be capable of handling a wide input voltage range while maintaining high efficiencies. This paper proposes a new series resonant dc-dc converter for PV microinverter applications. Compared with the conventional series resonant converter (SRC), a dual-mode rectifier (DMR) is configured on the secondary side, which enables a twofold voltage gain range for the proposed converter with a fixed-frequency phase-shift modulation scheme. The zero-voltage switching (ZVS) turn-on and zero-current switching (ZCS) turn-off can be achieved for active switches and diodes, thereby minimizing the switching losses. Moreover, a variable dc-link voltage control scheme is introduced to the proposed converter, leading to a further efficiency improvement and input-voltage-range extension. The operation principle and essential characteristics (e.g., voltage gain, soft-switching, and root-mean-square current) of the proposed converter are detailed in this paper, and the power loss modeling and design optimization of components are also presented. A 1-MHz 250-W converter prototype with an input voltage range of 17 V-43 V is built and tested to verify the feasibility of the proposed converter. Index terms-PV microinverter, dc-dc converter, series resonant converter, wide input voltage range, 1-MHz frequency.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.