The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has considerably burdened the healthcare system in the Hubei Province, the most severely affected region in China. The aim of our study was to assess the psychological effects of COVID-19 epidemic on the healthcare workers in Hubei. Methods: A total of 2737 healthcare workers were sampled using a two-dimensional code shared online between Mar 4 and Mar 9, 2020. The questionnaires consisted of three elements: baseline characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The primary outcome variables were PQSI, anxiety and depression scores of non-medical staff, non-frontline medical staff and frontline medical staff. Binary logistical regression analyses were used to compare between respondents with and without sleep disturbance. Results: About 61.6% of the respondents reported sleep problems, 22.6% experienced anxiety, and 35% exhibited depressive symptoms. The prevalence of sleep disorders was higher among the frontline healthcare workers compared to the non-frontline and nonmedical staff, while anxiety and depression were prevalent in the entire cohort. Logistic regression analysis identified medical occupation, family burden, bereavement, anxiety, and depression as significantly predictive of poor sleep quality. Conclusions: Frontline medical staff are more vulnerable to sleep disturbances. Psychosocial interventions are needed to help allied healthcare personnel to better respond to COVID-19 and future outbreaks.
Intracerebral hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is well recognized as a common cause of hemorrhage in patients with ischemic stroke. HT after acute ischemic stroke contributes to early mortality and adversely affects functional recovery. The risk of HT is especially high when patients receive thrombolytic reperfusion therapy with tissue plasminogen activator, the only available treatment for ischemic stroke. Although many important publications address preclinical models of ischemic stroke, there are no current recommendations regarding the conduct of research aimed at understanding the mechanisms and prediction of HT. In this review, we discuss the underlying mechanisms for HT after ischemic stroke, provide an overview of the models commonly used for the study of HT, and discuss biomarkers that might be used for early detection of this challenging clinical problem.
Following spinal cord injury (SCI), limit spontaneous functional recovery often emerged. However, the neuronal mechanisms associated with this phenomenon still remains obscure. By using proteomics analysis, endoplasmic reticulum protein 29 (ERp29) was discovered to increase in the motor cortexes of spinal cord transection (SCT) rats for 28 days post-operation (dpo) compared with in 14dpo. Then, the change in the expression of ERp29 was confirmed by using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. To determine the role of ERp29 in the recovery of locomotor functions following SCT, lentiviral vectors were used to up- and downregulate the expression level of ERp29. Here, we found that cortical neurons in vitro with high level of ERp29 expression exhibited a significant proliferation, characterized by smaller size of soma and more extensive axon outgrowth, compared with neurons used as control, while ERp29 silence got the opposite results. In vivo, Lentivirus was inject into the cerebral cortex following SCT at thoracic level 10, which resulted in an increase number of neuronal nuclei(NeuN)-positive cells and less apoptotic cells. Moreover, increased PKC-γ immunoreactivity density was also found in the spinal cord T9 level compared with control rats. This was associated with a great functional improvement, indicated by Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale. Lastly, we verified that ERp29 acts as a regulator by regulating a group of genes related with cell survival and apoptosis, involving in caspase and Erk, but not PI3K. Our findings showed that ERp29 can improve locomotor function by promoting neuronal survival and axonal regeneration in SCT rats via caspase and Erk signal pathway.
Patients with tumors that metastasize to bone frequently suffer from debilitating pain, and effective therapies for treating bone cancer are lacking. This study employed a novel strategy in which herpes simplex virus (HSV) carrying a small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was used to alleviate bone cancer pain. HSV carrying PDGF siRNA was established and intrathecally injected into the cavum subarachnoidale of animals suffering from bone cancer pain and animals in the negative group. Sensory function was assessed by measuring thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia. The mechanism by which PDGF regulates pain was also investigated by comparing the differential expression of pPDGFRα/β and phosphorylated ERK and AKT. Thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia developed in the rats with bone cancer pain, and these effects were accompanied by bone destruction in the tibia. Intrathecal injection of PDGF siRNA and morphine reversed thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia in rats with bone cancer pain. In addition, we observed attenuated astrocyte hypertrophy, down-regulated pPDGFRα/β levels, reduced levels of the neurochemical SP, a reduction in CGRP fibers and changes in pERK/ERK and pAKT/AKT ratios. These results demonstrate that PDGF siRNA can effectively treat pain induced by bone cancer by blocking the AKT-ERK signaling pathway.
Spinal cord injury causes sensory loss below the level of lesion. Synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP25) is a t-SNARE protein essential for exocytosis and neurotransmitter release, but its role in sensory functional recovery has not been determined. The aim of the present study is therefore to investigate whether SNAP25 can promote sensory recovery. By 2D proteomics, we found a downregulation of SNAP25 and then constructed two lentiviral vectors, Lv-exSNAP25 and Lv-shSNAP25, which allows efficient and stable RNAi-mediated silencing of endogenous SNAP25. Overexpression of SNAP25 enhanced neurite outgrowth in vitro and behavior response to thermal and mechanical stimuli in vivo, while the silencing of SNAP25 had the opposite effect. These results suggest that SNAP25 plays a crucial role in sensory functional recovery following spinal cord injury (SCI). Our study therefore provides a novel target for the management of SCI for sensory dysfunction.
Ultrasound-guided parasternal intercostal nerve block is rarely used for postoperative analgesia, and its value remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided parasternal intercostal nerve block for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing median sternotomy for mediastinal mass resection.
This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial performed in Renmin Hospital, Wuhan University, enrolled 41 participants aged 18–65 years. The patients scheduled for mediastinal mass resection by median sternotomy were randomly assigned were randomized into 2 groups, and preoperatively administered 2 injections of ropivacaine (PSI) and saline (control) groups, respectively, in the 3rd and 5th parasternal intercostal spaces with ultrasound-guided (USG) bilateral parasternal intercostal nerve block. Sufentanil via patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) was administered to all participants postoperatively. Pain score, total sufentanil consumption, and postoperative adverse events were recorded within the first 24 h.
There were 20 and 21 patients in the PSI and control group, respectively. The PSI group required 20% less PCIA-sufentanil compared with the control group (54.05 ± 11.14 μg vs. 67.67 ± 8.92 μg, P < 0.001). In addition, pain numerical rating scale (NRS) scores were significantly lower in the PSI group compared with control patients, both at rest and upon coughing within 24 postoperative hours. Postoperative adverse events were generally reduced in the PSI group compared with controls.
USG bilateral parasternal intercostal nerve block effectively reduces postoperative pain and adjuvant analgesic requirement, with good patient satisfaction, therefore constituting a good option for mediastinal mass resection by median sternotomy.
Background: Simultaneous application of pectoral nerve block and serratus-intercostal plane
block (SPB) is one of the most desirable multimodal analgesic strategies, with wide implementation
of the enhanced recovery after surgery pathway for modified radical mastectomy (MRM).
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasoundguided pectoral nerve block I (PECS I) and SPB for postoperative analgesia following MRM.
Study Design: A randomized, prospective study.
Setting: An academic medical center.
Methods: A total of 61 women undergoing MRM were randomly divided into 2 groups. The
control group (group C, n = 32) received general anesthesia only, whereas the PECS I + SPB treated
group (group PS, n = 29) received a combination of pectoral nerve block and SPB in addition to
Results: Pain scores on a visual analog scale, opioid consumption, the duration at the
postanesthesia care unit, and the incidence of adverse events were lower in group PS, compared
with that of the group C. Moreover, PECS I together with SPB contributed to better sleep quality
and higher patient satisfaction of pain relief.
Limitations: This study was limited by its sample size.
Conclusions: These results suggest that the combination of PECS I and SPB provide superior
perioperative pain relief in breast cancer surgery.
Key words: Pectoral nerve block, serratus-intercostal plane block, postoperative analgesia,
modified radical mastectomy
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.