Single-spin asymmetries for semi-inclusive electroproduction of charged pions in deep-inelastic scattering of positrons are measured for the first time with transverse target polarization. The asymmetry depends on the azimuthal angles of both the pion (phi) and the target spin axis (phi(S)) about the virtual-photon direction and relative to the lepton scattering plane. The extracted Fourier component sin((phi+phi(S))(pi)(UT) is a signal of the previously unmeasured quark transversity distribution, in conjunction with the Collins fragmentation function, also unknown. The component sin((phi-phi(S)(pi)(UT) arises from a correlation between the transverse polarization of the target nucleon and the intrinsic transverse momentum of quarks, as represented by the previously unmeasured Sivers distribution function. Evidence for both signals is observed, but the Sivers asymmetry may be affected by exclusive vector meson production.
The momentum and helicity density distributions of the strange quark sea in the nucleon are obtained in leading order from charged-kaon production in deep-inelastic scattering on the deuteron. The distributions are extracted from spin-averaged K� multiplicities, and from K� and inclusive double-spin asymmetries for scattering of polarized positrons by a polarized deuterium target. The shape of the momentum distribution is softer than that of the average of the and quarks. In the region of measurement 0.021.0�GeV2, the helicity distribution is zero within experimental uncertainties
Spin Density Matrix Elements (SDMEs) describing the angular distribution of exclusive ρ 0 electroproduction and decay are determined in the HERMES experiment with 27.6 GeV beam energy and unpolarized hydrogen and deuterium targets. Eight (fifteen) SDMEs that are related (unrelated) to the longitudinal polarization of the beam are extracted in the kinematic region 1 < Q 2 < 7 GeV 2 , 3.0 < W < 6.3 GeV, and −t < 0.4 GeV 2. Within the given experimental uncertainties, a hierarchy of relative sizes of helicity amplitudes is observed. Kinematic dependences of all SDMEs on Q 2 and t are presented, as well as the longitudinal-to-transverse ρ 0 electroproduction crosssection ratio as a function of Q 2. A small but statistically significant deviation from the hypothesis of s-channel helicity conservation is observed. An indication is seen of a contribution of unnatural-parity-exchange amplitudes; these amplitudes are naturally generated with a quark-exchange mechanism.
Single-spin asymmetries have been measured for semi-inclusive electroproduction of pi(+), pi(-), pi(0) and K+ mesons in deep-inelastic scattering off a longitudinally polarised deuterium target. The asymmetries appear in the distribution of the hadrons in the azimuthal angle phi around the virtual photon direction, relative to the lepton scattering plane. The corresponding analysing powers in the sinphi moment of the cross section are 0.012 +/- 0.002(stat.) +/- 0.002(syst.) for pi(+), 0.006 +/- 0.003(stat.) +/- 0.002(syst.) for pi(-), 0.021 +/- 0.005(stat.) +/- 0.003(syst.) for pi(0) and 0.013 +/- 0.006(stat.) +/- 0.003(syst.) for K The sin 20 moments are compatible with zero for all particles. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved
Polarized deep-inelastic scattering data on longitudinally polarized hydrogen and deuterium targets have been used to determine double-spin asymmetries of cross sections. Inclusive and semi-inclusive asymmetries for the production of positive and negative pions from hydrogen were obtained in a reanalysis of previously published data. Inclusive and semi-inclusive asymmetries for the production of negative and positive pions and kaons were measured on a polarized deuterium target. The separate helicity densities for the up and down quarks and the anti-up, anti-down, and strange sea quarks were computed from these asymmetries in a "leading order" QCD analysis. The polarization of the up-quark is positive and that of the down-quark is negative. All extracted sea quark polarizations are consistent with zero, and the light quark sea helicity densities are flavor symmetric within the experimental uncertainties. First and second moments of the extracted quark helicity densities in the measured range are consistent with fits of inclusive data
A search for an exotic baryon resonance with S = −2, Q = −2 has been performed in quasi-real photoproduction on a deuterium target through the decay channel Ξ − π − → Λ π − π − → pπ − π − π −. No evidence for a previously reported Ξ −− (1860) resonance is found in the Ξ − π − invariant mass spectrum. An upper limit for the photoproduction cross section of 2.1 nb is found at the 90% confidence level. The photoproduction cross section for the Ξ 0 (1530) is found to be between 9 and 24 nb.
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