Health literacy, a more complex concept than knowledge, is a required capacity to obtain, understand, integrate and act on health information , in order to enhance individual and community health, which is defined by different levels, according to the autonomy and personal capacitation in decision making . Medium levels of Health literacy in an adolescent population were found in a study conducted in 2013/2014, being higher in sexual and reproductive health and lower in substance use. It was also noticed that the higher levels of health literacy were in the area adolescents refer to have receipt more health information. The health literacy competence with higher scores was communication skills, and the lower scores were in the capacity to analyze factors that influence health. Higher levels were also found in younger teenagers, but in a higher school level, confirming the importance of health education in these age and development stage. Adolescents seek more information in health professionals and parents, being friends more valued as a source information in older adolescents, which enhance the importance of peer education mainly in older adolescents . As a set of competences based on knowledge, health literacy should be developed through education interventions, encompassing the cultural and social context of individuals, since the society, culture and education system where the individual is inserted can define the way the development and enforcement of the health literacy competences . The valued sources of information should be taken into account, as well as needs of information in some topics referred by adolescents in an efficient health education. Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic mental illness which has a profound effect on the health and well-being related with the well-known nature of psychotic symptoms. The exercise has the potential to improve the life of people with schizophrenia improving physical health and alleviating psychiatric symptoms. However, most people with schizophrenia remains sedentary and lack of access to exercise programs are barriers to achieve health benefits. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of exercise on I) the type of intervention in mental health, II) in salivary levels of alpha-amylase and cortisol and serum levels of S100B and BDNF, and on III) the quality of life and selfperception of the physical domain of people with schizophrenia. The sample consisted of 31 females in long-term institutions in the Casa de Saúde Rainha Santa Isabel, with age between 25 and 63, and with diagnosis of schizophrenia according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). Physical fitness was assessed by the six-minute walk distance test (6MWD). Biological variables were determined by ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). Psychological variables were assessed using SF-36, PSPP-SCV, RSES and SWLS tests. Walking exercise has a positive impact on physical fitness (6MWD -p = 0.001) and physical components of the psychological test...
Este estudo propôs-se a investigar um modelo em que as variáveis satisfação no trabalho e percepção de suporte organizacional consistem em preditoras da síndrome de burnout em profissionais de enfermagem. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 339 trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital universitário, que responderam um instrumento composto por dados sócio-demográficos e por escalas validadas das variáveis estudadas. Após realizadas as análises de regressão múltipla (método stepwise), constatou-se que os maiores percentuais de explicação para as três dimensões da síndrome de burnout foram atribuídos às variáveis satisfação com a natureza do trabalho e à percepção de suporte organizacional. Os resultados evidenciam a importância da natureza do trabalho e do apoio organizacional para esses profissionais e alertam para que as organizações de saúde lhes estabeleçam estratégias de valorização. A prevenção desta síndrome é fundamental para a garantia de um atendimento de qualidade aos usuários dos serviços de saúde. Palavras-chave: Stress ocupacional. Satisfação no trabalho. Condições de trabalho.
Several medicinal plants are currently used by the food industry as functional additives, for example botanical extracts in herbal drinks. Moreover, the scientific community has recently begun focusing on halophytes as sources of functional beverages. Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii (everlasting) is an aromatic halophyte common in southern Europe frequently used as spice and in traditional medicine. In this context, this work explored for the first time H. italicum subsp. picardii as a potential source of innovative herbal beverages with potential health promoting properties. For that purpose, infusions and decoctions were prepared from roots, vegetative aerial-organs (stems and leaves) and flowers and evaluated for in vitro antioxidant and anti-diabetic activities. Samples were also assessed for toxicity in different mammalian cell lines and chemically characterized by spectrophotometric methods and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array-mass-spectrometry (UHPLC-PDA-MS). Results were expressed relating to 'a cup-of-tea' and compared with those obtained with green tea (Camellia sinensis) and rooibos tisane (Aspalathus linearis). Tisanes from the everlasting's above-ground organs, particularly flowers, have high polyphenolic content and several phenolics were identified; the main compounds were chlorogenic and quinic acids, dicaffeoylquinic-acid isomers and gnaphaliin-A. The antioxidant activity of beverages from the everlasting's above-ground organs matched or surpassed that of green tea and rooibos. Its anti-diabetic activity was moderate and toxicity low. Overall, our results suggest that the everlasting is a potential source of innovative and functional herbal beverages.
O conteúdo dos artigos e seus dados em sua forma, correção e confiabilidade são de responsabilidade exclusiva dos autores. 2018 Permitido o download da obra e o compartilhamento desde que sejam atribuídos créditos aos autores, mas sem a possibilidade de alterá-la de nenhuma forma ou utilizá-la para fins comerciais.
Objective: To describe and analyze the national and international scientific production on Nursing care for the transgender or gender-variance population. Method: Integrative review of the literature, conducted throughout the Virtual Health Library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Public Medline and Web of Science databases, without pre-established periods of time and using the descriptors "Transgender AND ‘Nursing Assistance'" and "Transgender AND ‘Nursing care'". Results: We included 11 articles, published between 2005 and 2016, broadly North American with only one Brazilian, so categorized: I- Fragility in the care of transgender people; II - Health of the transgender population: general and specific demands; III- Public health policies for transgender people. Transgender people have not found yet answers to their health demands; they are victims of prejudices and violence in services and seek care in extreme cases of sickness. Final considerations: Understanding their needs is primordial to build knowledge and practices that support nursing care.
Objective: to identify, describe and analyze characteristics of leadership, head nurses and participants in the teaching-learning process of leadership in Nursing, according to nurse professors who performed studies on this theme and taught such content between 1972 and 1994 in nursing schools of the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Methods: Thematic Oral History was used. A total of four nurse professors were interviewed, whose reports were submitted to content analysis. Results: the following aspects were approached in this study: the context in which students developed leadership, the infl uence of previous experiences on leadership qualifi cation, its attributes, the importance of leadership, the value of teaching it, the possibilities of emancipation of a head nurse, the repercussions of teaching leadership for one's professional life, the relationships between qualifi cation and job market, the aspects of teaching qualifi cation and students' characteristics. Conclusion: although not essential for nursing qualifi cation, leadership had a symbolic capital. Descriptors: History of Nursing; Nursing Education; Higher Education; Leadership; Research on Nursing Management. RESUMOObjetivo: identifi car, descrever e analisar características da liderança, do enfermeiro-líder e dos atores do processo ensinoaprendizagem da liderança em Enfermagem segundo enfermeiras docentes que realizaram pesquisas sobre esse tema e ministraram esse conteúdo entre 1972 e 1994, em escolas paulistas. Método: História Oral Temática. Entrevistadas quatro enfermeiras docentes, cujos depoimentos foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo. Resultados: foram abordados o contexto no qual os alunos desenvolviam a liderança, a infl uência de vivências prévias na formação do líder, seus atributos, a importância da liderança, o valor de ensiná-la, as possibilidades de emancipação do enfermeiro-líder, as repercussões do ensino da liderança na vida profi ssional, as relações entre a formação e o mercado de trabalho, os aspectos da formação docente e as características dos alunos. Conclusão: embora não fosse imprescindível para a formação do enfermeiro, a liderança era seu capital simbólico. Descritores: História da Enfermagem; Educação em Enfermagem; Ensino Superior; Liderança; Pesquisa em Administração de Enfermagem. RESUMENObjetivo: identifi car, describir y analizar las características de liderazgo, del enfermero-líder y de los actores del proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje del liderazgo en Enfermería según enfermeras docentes que investigaron el tema científi camente e impartieron dicho contenido en escuelas paulistas entre 1972 y 1994. Método: Historia Oral Temática. Se entrevistaron cuatro enfermeras docentes cuyas deposiciones se sometieron al análisis de contenido. Resultados: se abordó el contexto en el cual los alumnos ejercían el liderazgo, la infl uencia de vivencias previas en la formación del líder, sus atributos, la importancia del liderazgo, el valor de enseñarlo, las posibilidades de emancipación del enfermero-líder, la re...
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students and researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.
334 Leonard St
Brooklyn, NY 11211
Copyright © 2023 scite Inc. All rights reserved.
Made with 💙 for researchers