PV generating sources are one of the most promising power generation systems in today’s power scenario. The inherent potential barrier that PV possesses with respect to irradiation and temperature is its nonlinear power output characteristics. An intelligent power tracking scheme, e.g., maximum power point tracking (MPPT), is mandatorily employed to increase the power delivery of a PV system. The MPPT schemes experiences severe setbacks when the PV is even shaded partially as PV exhibits multiple power peaks. Therefore, the search mechanism gets deceived and gets stuck with the local maxima. Hence, a rational search mechanism should be developed, which will find the global maxima for a partially shaded PV. The conventional techniques like fractional open circuit voltage (FOCV), hill climbing (HC) method, perturb and observe (P&O), etc., even in their modified versions, are not competent enough to track the global MPP (GMPP). Nature-inspired and bio-inspired MPPT techniques have been proposed by the researchers to optimize the power output of a PV system during partially shaded conditions (PSCs). This paper reviews, compares, and analyzes them. This article renders firsthand information to those in the field of research, who seek interest in the performance enhancement of PV system during inhomogeneous irradiation. Each algorithm has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of convergence speed, coding complexity, hardware compatibility, stability, etc. Overall, the authors have presented the logic of each global search MPPT algorithms and its comparisons, and also have reviewed the performance enhancement of these techniques when these algorithms are hybridized.
Harmonic Distortion in many of the industrial applications are occur primarily owing to the enormous utilization of loads with high non-linearity like power converters, speed varying drives and arc furnaces. The power semiconductor is used to achieve the variation in speed and conversion from one source to another. Mostly active filters and tuned filters are utilized to remove the harmonic included in the source current. The tuned passive filters and inductance inserted in the line reduces the harmonics but at the same time induces the resonances in most of the industrial applications. Due to this, harmonic distortion increases in the source current and voltage. This can be reduced by adding hybrid filter in the system with decreased rating of active filter in high power applications. This article deals with the various topology of hybrid filters. The working of the proposed filter design in variable inductance mode based on the pollution created in the source voltage and current is studied. In the proposed hybrid filter passive filter is tuned with seventh harmonic frequency and connected in series with active filters to reduce the harmonic distortion. DC link voltage and the active filter VA rating could be minimized. The control signal to the filter is derived from p-q theory and space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM). The performance of the system under study is simulated and noted for the THD percentage before and after the filter is added to the system and the same model is experimented with reduced voltage level.
In this article, a hysteresis space vector modulation (HSVM) is developed for interleaved Vienna rectifier (IVR) fed 3‐level neutral point clamped inverter (NPCI) system. The minimized current ripple and improved output voltage is obtained using HSVM control technique. The output of IVR is fed with 3‐level NPCI, which provides continuous input source, balanced capacitor voltage and minimized common mode voltage. Hysteresis circular region‐based control method is implemented to minimize the current ripple in the rectifier side. The multicarrier sinusoidal pulse width modulation technique is used to control 3‐level NPC inverter, which provides reduced total harmonic distortion (THD), balanced capacitor voltage and improved output voltage. This proposed system outputs are verified using MATLAB simulink and FPGA processor for simulation and experimental results, respectively.
Most of the fully automated industries are mainly depending on the single and multi-drive system based on their requirements. In this paper, to investigate the power quality problems in a distributed multi drive system connected to the common uncontrolled rectifier is considered. Uncontrolled rectifier is mainly used as a front-end converter to feed direct current (DC) supply to the same rating of two voltage source inverters with induction motors as a multi-drive system. To analyse the effectiveness of the system the two drive systems are operated in different time period. Then, both are operated simultaneously to monitor the power quality issues, due to the front-end converter present in the system. In both the cases the harmonics in source current is not within the limits of IEEE recommended practices. Therefore, to reduce the harmonic content present in the current at source, a shunt active power filter is implemented. The effect of two drive systems operated at the same time is analysed first. Then, active filter is injected in between the source and the multi-drive system in parallel to improve the power quality of the grid system. The individual and multi-drive drive systems are analysed with the simulation results.
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