Blast injuries are rare, and although blast-induced perforations of the bowel have been described in the past, the entity of a delayed perforation caused by an evolving injury has not been reported. We report three men injured by the explosion of a terrorist bombing in open air. They suffered primary blast injuries, which resulted in isolated perforations of the terminal ileum. They were operated at different times after the blast event. The resected specimens were examined under light microscopy. One patient was operated immediately, and had three perforations in the terminal ileum. In the other two patients, abdominal complaints appeared only 24 and 48 hours later. These two patients were found to have hematomas in the wall of the terminal ileum, and small perforations therein, with almost no contamination of the peritoneal cavity. On histological examination, there were small perforations with disruption of all intestinal layers. In the vicinity of the perforations, the mucosa was necrotic and disorganized. The submucosa showed edema and vascular thrombi, and at several points mucus was shown dissecting through the muscularis propria, thus creating minute microperforations. Because of the findings in these patients, we suggest a mechanism of evolving damage to the bowel wall and delayed perforation rather than delayed diagnosis, after blast injuries. We suggest that patients exposed to a significant blast should be watched carefully for at least 48 hours.
Hernia through the obturator canal is usually unsuspected and hence undiagnosed. Patients with obturator hernias present as acute cases of intestinal obstruction secondary to strangulation or incarceration, with high rate of morbidity and mortality due to delayed diagnosis and treatment. The know incidence of obturator hernia is low, representing 0.073% (11 of 15,098) of all hernias repaired at the Mayo Clinic in a retrospective study of 15 years. In this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis of laparoscopic extraperitoneal hernia repairs that were performed between the years 2003 and 2007. All procedures were undertaken by 2 experienced surgeons who performed more than 150 previous surgeries. In 293 patients who underwent repair of bilateral or recurrent inguinal hernia, exploration of the obturator foramen was conducted looking for obturator hernia, which was found in 20 cases (6.82% of patients). The true incidence of obturator hernia is greater than that reported in the literature, and the chances of detecting hernia are greater if an equal number of men and women are scanned could be higher if pelvic scanning was performed.
Background There are data on the safety of cancer surgery and the efficacy of preventive strategies on the prevention of postoperative symptomatic COVID-19 in these patients. But there is little such data for any elective surgery. The main objectives of this study were to examine the safety of bariatric surgery (BS) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and to determine the efficacy of perioperative COVID-19 protective strategies on postoperative symptomatic COVID-19 rates. Methods We conducted an international cohort study to determine all-cause and COVID-19-specific 30-day morbidity and mortality of BS performed between 01/05/2020 and 31/10/2020. Results Four hundred ninety-nine surgeons from 185 centres in 42 countries provided data on 7704 patients. Elective primary BS (n = 7084) was associated with a 30-day morbidity of 6.76% (n = 479) and a 30-day mortality of 0.14% (n = 10). Emergency BS, revisional BS, insulin-treated type 2 diabetes, and untreated obstructive sleep apnoea were associated with increased complications on multivariable analysis. Forty-three patients developed symptomatic COVID-19 postoperatively, with a higher risk in non-whites. Preoperative self-isolation, preoperative testing for SARS-CoV-2, and surgery in institutions not concurrently treating COVID-19 patients did not reduce the incidence of postoperative COVID-19. Postoperative symptomatic COVID-19 was more likely if the surgery was performed during a COVID-19 peak in that country. Conclusions BS can be performed safely during the COVID-19 pandemic with appropriate perioperative protocols. There was no relationship between preoperative testing for COVID-19 and self-isolation with symptomatic postoperative COVID-19. The risk of postoperative COVID-19 risk was greater in non-whites or if BS was performed during a local peak.
Objective To determine the impact of sleeve gastrectomy in patients suffering from depression compared with those who are not in a depressive state. Introduction Obesity is considered a global epidemic. Often patients with obesity suffer from depressive state. Depressive disorders may be both a cause and a consequence of obesity. Material and methods The study includes 300 consecutives patients that underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Out of the 300 patients, 253 (84.33%) of them completed the follow up for three years. Results Out of the 300-patients, with the average age of 41.65±11.05 years old, the ratio of males to females was 1:2. The average baseline BMI was 42.02 kg/m2. A total of 105 (35.33%) of the patients suffer from depression, which was more common in male (43%) than in female (31.5%), with statistically significant difference (p = .05). Comparing the weight loss after surgery in both groups, the mean weight loss in the depression-group was 12.0 ΔBMI and in the non-depression group was 13.03 ΔBMI, (p< .001). After three years, 94 (88.68%) patients of the depression group responded as they were optimistic and satisfied with the results of the operation, with positive changes in their lives, 8 (7.55%) did not experience change and 4 (3.77%) expressed to have worsened their depressive state. Conclusion Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is successful and leads to weight loss even in subjects who are affected by depression syndrome.
HighlightsGossypiboma consist in retained surgical sponges are more usual than the reported.A young patient nine years after cesarean section with abdominal pain and fever.An abscess was diagnosed in the lower abdomen by CT.During laparotomy, a sponge was extracted from a large abscess.She had a normal post-operative course.
Obesity has become one of the most significant health problems worldwide, affecting more than one-third of the global population. The elderly population is not immune to this proportional increase in obesity. To date, there is no cure for obesity, but surgery is the most effective treatment available today.We analyzed the results of bariatric surgery in elderly patients for a period of 3 years. Patients 65 years old and older were included in the study, 451 older adults were included. The mean age of the study group was 67.92 years old (min. 65, max. 84). The mean body mass index (BMI) was 40.32 Kg/m2 (min. 34 and max. 59). Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) was the most common procedures, and were conducted in 346 (76.72%) patients, gastric bypasses (GBPs) in 53 (11.75%) of which 33 were roux en y GBP (7.32%) and 20 mini GBPs (4.43%), gastric banding in 48 (10.64%), and duodenal switching in 4 (0.89%) cases.There were 40 (8.86%) patients with perioperative complications, 6 (1.33%) required re-operations, 12 (2.66) patients with operative complications were treated conservatively, 8 (1.77%) re-admission 5 of them with intrabdominal abscess, and 14 (3.10%) with co-morbidities complications. More than 76% of the patients had co-morbidities, 1 year after surgery the average remission of diseases was 34.74%, the improvement was49.67% and no changes in the co-morbidities was 15.59%. There were no deaths reported in this cohort.The mean excess body weight (EBW) loss among the patients was 70.76% (from 32% to 92%). No failure of weight loss (less than 25% of EBW loss) was observed after the first postoperative year.Bariatric surgery offers obese elderly patients an acceptable result, and it can be offered to improve the quality of life of these patients. A new consensus conference panel is needed to set appropriate recommendations regarding criteria that limit bariatric surgery in older adults.
Patient: Male, 81Final Diagnosis: Bochdalex herniaSymptoms: Chest pain • vomitingMedication: —Clinical Procedure: Laparoscopic repair of both diaphragmatic herniasSpecialty: SurgeryObjective:Rare co-existance of disease or pathologyBackground:A Bochdalek hernia (BH) is a rare congenital condition consisting of a posterolateral defect in the diaphragm. A para-esophageal hernia (PEH) is a rare variant of hiatus hernia. BH and PEH may present with gastric volvulus or incarceration, requiring emergency treatment. Minimally invasive surgery is the preferred treatment, particularly for elderly patients and patients with comorbidities. The occurrence of BH with concomitant PEH is a very rare event. We describe a case of an octogenarian patient with BH and concomitant PEH treated laparoscopically.Case Report:An 81-year-old male patient, without significant comorbidities, presented with a two-month history of severe chest pain and vomiting after eating. Cardiological investigations ruled out cardiac ischemia, infarction, or other cardiovascular abnormalities. Chest and abdominal computed tomography (CT) imaging demonstrated a large diaphragmatic hernia, with the entire stomach in the left thorax. Laboratory results showed mild anemia and a low iron level. The patient underwent simultaneous laparoscopic repair of a BH and a PEH with mesh reinforcement without antireflux fundoplication. The patient’s postoperative recovery was uneventful.Conclusions:We have presented a rare case of BH with concomitant PEH in an octogenarian that was successfully treated with laparoscopic surgery. Although these two forms of hernia are a very rare association, this case report illustrates that the surgical approach should be individualized in each patient’s case to ensure a successful surgical outcome. In this case, the decision was made to suture the diaphragmatic crura and reinforce the diaphragm repair with mesh, rather than by fundoplication.
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