Summary Subacute necrotizing myelopathy (SNM) or Foix-Alajouanine syndrome is a rare disease characterized by progressive neurological dysfunction caused by a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF). Radiological diagnosis is usually suspected when there is intramedullary nonspecific enhancement and perimedullary flow voids. Ring-enhancement is rarely reported in the scope of AVF, which poses a diagnostic challenge and raises the suspicion of a spinal cord tumor. In such situations, biopsy can be required and delay proper diagnosis. We report the case of a patient with SNM, who underwent biopsy on the assumption of it being a spinal cord tumor.
High median nerve injuries (HMNIs) are rare lesions involving the upper extremities and affect the median nerve from its origin to the emergence of the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN). Proximal reconstruction has long been considered the gold standard in treating HMNI, but thumb and index flexion and pinch and grip weakness are consistently not recovered. We report the surgical results of a patient affected by an HMNI with partial spontaneous recovery after a gunshot wound. AIN function was successfully restored in a delayed fashion by transferring the radial nerve branch to the extensor carpi radialis brevis to the AIN.
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