The population dynamics of all stages of the Cayenne tick, Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius) (Acari: Ixodidae) on horses was evaluated over a period of 2 years in the district of Pedro Leopoldo, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Every 14 days, the left side of 20 horses was brushed for collection of immature stages; counts of adults were also undertaken. Infestation by larvae was detected from April to August, whereas nymphs were observed from June to October. Infestation by adults was detected throughout the year, and the highest population density occurred from September to March. The number of males was always higher than the number of females, but with considerable reduction in the male : female ratio between April and July. It was observed that 25% of the horses carried 41% of the infesting ticks, and 20% carried only 10% of the ticks during the entire period of the study.
Pesq. Vet. Bras. 32(9) This study aimed to know the perception of Gir cattle breeders and farm employees about parasitic otitis and practices regarding methods of treatment and control. A questionnaire was applied on speciϐic topics about the disease. The results showed that the otitis occurred in 25 (89.3%) of the 28 farms studied, where the main etiologic agents were the nematodes Rhabditis spp. The majority of the farmers regarded the disease as a serious problem, mainly in cattle older than eight years of age. About half of the respondents did not observe a correlation between season and prevalence of the otitis; however, 30.8% reported an increase of its incidence during the rainy season. In addition to various methods and products for the rhabditiosis treatment, a lack of standardized preventive or curative protocols was found, suggesting insufϐicient knowledge about control of the disease.
This study aimed at evaluating the effects of urea on Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. The experiment was divided into two stages. In Stage I, Brachiaria brizantha was placed into 30 pots, each with an area of 18 cm(2).These were divided into three groups of ten pots each: G1 non-treated control group, G2 treated with 15 g of urea per pot and G3 treated with 15 g of urea+10% of ammonium sulphate. Three engorged female ticks were placed in each pot and then 1.8l of water were added. In the second stage, a control group was maintained without the addition of urea and another group was treated with urea, each group comprising ten Mombaça grass (Panicum maximum cv. Mombaça) beds. On day zero, 12 engorged females were placed in each grass bed where were then fertilized with 60 g of urea per bed, only in the grass beds of the treated group. On the 27th day, the grass was cut in beds 1-5 in both groups and beds 1-5 in the treated group were fertilized a second time. On the 40th day, pieces of white flannel measuring 1.60 m × 1.00 m were spread over the grass to check for larvae presence. In stage I, observations conducted 24h after contact with urea showed a 100% death rate among the engorged females in G2; in group 3, only one engorged female still remained alive. In stage II, the counting of larvae reported 85.97% (P<0.0001) fewer parasites in the treated group compared to the control group.
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