To compare conventional osteotomy with the piezosurgery medical device, in terms of postoperative edema, ecchymosis, pain, operation time, and mucosal integrity, in rhinoplasty patients. In this prospective study, 49 rhinoplasty patients were randomly divided into two groups according to osteotomy technique used, either conventional osteotomy or piezosurgery. For all patients, the total duration of the operation was recorded, and photographs were taken and scored for ecchymosis and edema on postoperative days 2, 4, and 7. In addition, pain level was evaluated on postoperative day 2, and mucosal integrity was assessed on day 4. All scoring and evaluation was conducted by a physician who was blinded to the osteotomy procedure. In the piezosurgery group, edema scores on postoperative day 2 and ecchymosis scores on postoperative days 2, 4, and 7 were significantly lower than in the conventional osteotomy group (p < 0.05). On postoperative day 2, the pain level was lower in the piezosurgery group than in the conventional osteotomy group (p < 0.05). In an endoscopic examination on postoperative day 4, while 24% of the patients in the conventional osteotomy group had mucosal damage, no such damage was observed in the piezosurgery group. When total operation duration was compared, there was no significant difference between the groups (p > 0.05). Piezosurgery is a safe osteotomy method, with less edema (in the early postoperative period) and ecchymosis compared with conventional osteotomy, as well as less pain, a similar operation duration, and no mucosal damage.
Background We aimed to assess the feasibility and short‐term clinical outcomes of surgical procedures for cancer at an institution using a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19)‐free surgical pathway during the peak phase of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2) pandemic. Materials and Methods This was a single‐center study, including cancer patients from all surgical departments, who underwent elective surgical procedures during the first peak phase between March 10 and June 30, 2020. The primary outcomes were the rate of postoperative SARS‐CoV‐2 infection and 30‐day pulmonary or non‐pulmonary related morbidity and mortality associated with SARS‐CoV‐2 disease. Results Four hundred and four cancer patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were analyzed. The rate of patients who underwent open and minimally invasive procedures was 61.9% and 38.1%, respectively. Only one (0.2%) patient died during the study period due to postoperative SARS‐CoV2 infection because of acute respiratory distress syndrome. The overall non‐SARS‐CoV2 related 30‐day morbidity and mortality rates were 19.3% and 1.7%, respectively; whereas the overall SARS‐CoV2 related 30‐day morbidity and mortality rates were 0.2% and 0.2%, respectively. Conclusions Under strict institutional policies and measures to establish a COVID‐19‐free surgical pathway, elective and emergency cancer operations can be performed with acceptable perioperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality.
A prospective study to evaluate long term results of crushing technique in concha bullosa surgery with radiographic and endoscopic methods and to determine the type of concha bullosa in which crushing technique is more effective. 71 patients who underwent concha bullosa surgery with septoplasty were included in the study. All concha bullosa were divided into three groups according to their types (Group 1 lamellar type, Group 2 bulbous type, Group 3 extensive type). Crushing of the pneumatized middle turbinate was done under endoscopic view. All the patients had an endoscopic nasal examination and middle turbinates were photographed and axial and coronal paranasal computed tomography (CT) scans were taken before the surgery and approximately 2 years after the surgery. Preoperative and postoperative measurements were compared using paired t test and One-way ANOVA. Mean age of the 71 patients were as follows: 38 males, mean age 30.2 (range 20-44) years; 33 females, mean age 27.6 (range 18-40) years. The patients were followed for 22.7 (range 20-26) months. In all groups, the postoperative endoscopic grading scores and CT volumes were significantly reduced (p < 0.0001). Comparison between groups showed significant post operative reduction in both CT volumes and in endoscopic scoring for group 2 (bulbous type) (p < 0.0001). Crushing is a simple and safe method in concha bullosa surgery. There was no recurrance in long-term outcomes. This method can be used in all types of concha bullosa effectively and provides more volume reduction in bulbous type concha bullosa.
Osteoplasty plus unilateral osteotomy, combined with a contralateral spreader graft, is an efficient method that can be safely used in the correction of a C-shaped crooked nose.
We aimed to compare reverse transcription‐polymerase chain reaction (RT‐PCR) results of nasopharyngeal aspiration (NA) and nasopharyngeal swab (NS) samples in the diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019. NS was obtained with a dacron swab and NA was performed by aspiration cannula. The sampling was performed by an otolaryngologist to ensure standardized correct sampling from the nasopharynx. RT‐PCR was performed for the detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2). The level of agreement between the result of NA and NS samples for each patient was analyzed. The Ct values were compared. Thirty‐three patients were enrolled in the study with a mean age of 56.3 years. Thirteen subjects resulted negative with both NS and NA; 20 subjects resulted positive with NA and 18 subjects resulted positive with NS. The mean values of Ct for NA samples and NS samples were 24.6 ± 5.9 and 24 ± 6.7, respectively. There was no statistical difference between Ct values of NA and NS samples ( p = 0.48). RT‐PCR for SARS‐Cov2 performed with NA sample and NS sample showed a strong correlation regarding the positivity/negativity and the Ct values.
Objectives An assessment of the effects of ginger on pain, nausea, vomiting, bleeding, and wound site healing that occur after tonsillectomy.Methods This prospective clinical study was participated by 49 patients aged 18–45 years out of 56 patients that underwent tonsillectomy and regularly attended follow-up visits. The patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 consisted of 23 patients that used ginger capsules and group 2 consisted of 26 patients that did not use ginger capsules in addition to the routine antibiotic and paracetamol treatment following tonsillectomy. The pain, nausea, vomiting, and bleeding scores of patients were assessed on days 1, 4, 7, and 10 by using the visual analogue scale. Similarly, the epithelialization degrees of tonsillar bed were assessed on postoperative days 1, 4, 7, and 10 and regular oral intake times of patients were recorded.Results There were no differences between groups in terms of age and sex. On the postoperative days 1, 4, 7, and 10, the pain scores were lower in the group 1 (all P<0.001) and there were no differences between the two groups in terms of postoperative nausea, vomiting, and bleeding scores (P=0.35 and P=0.53). On the postoperative days 7 and 10, epithelialization in the tonsil bed was quicker in the group 1 (P=0.041 and P=0.026) and the regular oral intake time was earlier in group 1 (P<0.001).Conclusion In this study, ginger relieved pain, accelerated wound site epithelialization, and decreased duration of oral intake following tonsillectomy. It did not result in postoperative bleeding or any other complications. Ginger can be recommended as an adjunct to routine medical treatment for decreasing morbidity following tonsillectomy.
Introduction: Tracheostomy care in children may be challenging, due to lack of knowledge of healthcare providers (HCPs). The aim of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of HCP who follow patients with tracheostomy and to increase this level with theoretical training and training in a simulation laboratory. Materials and Methods: ISPAT (IStanbul PAediatric Tracheostomy), a multidisciplinary team for tracheostomy care was established and a training program was prepared. Participants were subjected to theoretical and practical pretests which evaluated their knowledge levels and skills for care, follow-up, and treatment of a patient with tracheostomy. After the theoretical and practical training given to the participants with a simulation model, theoretical and practical posttests were applied. Results: Fifty-one HCP from nine tertiary pediatric clinics in Istanbul were enrolled in the training program. Only six (11.8%) of them had received standardized training programs previously. Regarding the theoretical tests, seven of the 33 questions were indicated as essential. The knowledge level of the participants based on the essential questions significantly increased after the training (p < 0.05 for all of the essential questions). The total number of correct answers and correct answers of three subheadings also significantly increased after the practical training (p < 0.001 for all).Ninety-five percent of the participants assessed the course as good or excellent in general.
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