Sequelae due to testicular biopsy such as hemorrhage, adhesion and fibrosis may be limiting factors to the use of this surgical procedure. Fibrin glue (FG) derived from snake venom was used to minimize these sequelae, as well as to evaluate its healing property in tunica vaginalis and scrotal skin of rams. Applicability of fibrin glue derived from snake venom was tested in different tissues of other animals such as in sciatic nerve and colon of rats and skin of rabbits. In the present study, 30 healthy adult rams were used. They were divided into 3 groups of 10 animals each as follows: G1: fibrin glue group (application of fibrin glue on puncture sites and skin incisions after bilateral testicular biopsy with a Tru-Cut needle); G2: swab/nylon group (hemostasis by compression with a swab on puncture sites and skin suturing with nylon after biopsy) and G3: control group (the animals were not subjected either to biopsy or to surgery). On the 20 day after biopsy, the presence of adhesion strands between the sites of skin incision and testicle was evaluated by palpation. Adhesion strands were found in three testicles (15%) in G1 and in two testicles (10%) in G2. One hundred days after biopsy, orchiectomy was carried out and the material collected was assessed for subcutaneous (SC) and/or tunica vaginalis adhesions. G3 did not present any abnormality. Groups G1 and G2 presented four testicles each (20%) with adhesion between the tunics at biopsy site. On the other hand, subcutaneous adhesions were found once (5%) in G1 and three times (15%) in G2. Fibrin glue showed to be of easy application, required short postoperative monitoring, presented fast and good-quality healing property and tended to reduce formation of subcutaneous adhesion
O interesse nas pesquisas com células-tronco derivadas de anexos fetais de diversas espécies cresceu exponencialmente nas últimas décadas em virtude de serem fontes de células-tronco adultas com potencial de diferenciação em diversas linhagens celulares que apresentam pouca ou nenhuma imunogenicidade, apresentando-se assim como alternativa de grande importância para a formação de bancos celulares. Apesar do crescente interesse, os estudos para espécie equina ainda são escassos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi isolar, caracterizar e diferenciar células-tronco mesenquimais (CTMs) derivadas do líquido amniótico equino obtidas do terço inicial, médio e final da gestação (LA-CTMs), comparando suas características. Foram colhidas 23 amostras de líquido amniótico as quais foram submetidas às análises morfológica, imunocitoquímica, imunofenotípica por citometria de fluxo e às diferenciações osteogênica, adipogênica e condrogênica in vitro. Todas as amostras demonstraram adesão ao plástico e morfologia fibroblastóide. No ensaio imunocitoquímico as células de todos os grupos foram imunomarcadas para CD44, PCNA e vimentina com ausência de marcação para citoqueratina e Oct-4. Na citometria de fluxo observou-se a expressão de CD44 e CD90 e ausência de expressão de CD34, sendo que os marcadores CD44 e CD90 mostraram padrão de expressão decrescente em relação ao desenvolvimento gestacional. As amostras obtidas de todas as fases da gestação foram capazes de diferenciação nas linhagens osteogênica, condrogênica e adipogênica. Portanto, as células obtidas do líquido amniótico apresentaram características morfológicas, imunofenotípicas e potencial de diferenciação típicos das CTMs, demonstrando que a colheita pode ser realizada em qualquer fase gestacional. No entanto, mais pesquisas devem ser realizadas principalmente quanto à expressão de marcadores de pluripotencialidade (como o Oct-4) e ao seu potencial de diferenciação em linhagens extra mesodermais já relatados na literatura.
Fibrin glue has been used on its own or in conjunction with suturing materials to promote hemostasis, reduce adherence, strengthen the wound site, and improve healing. Snake venom derived fibrin glue was evaluated as an alternative to conventional uterine suturing after ovine caesarean surgery. Twenty-eight pregnant ewes of known mating date were used. The animals submitted to conventional caesarean sections showed a better wound healing process. As expected, all the operated animals had retained placenta, compromising coaptation of wound edges. This had a strong influence in the results observed with the animals in which fibrin glue was used. The animals were divided into four groups GI, GII, GIII, and GIV and sacrificed, respectively, 3, 7, 15, and 30 days after surgery for macro and microscopic examination of the uterus. From each group, six animals underwent surgery using fibrin glue and four animals were submitted to comparative conventional hysterorrhaphy using catgut
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