The aim of this study was to evaluate total IgG, IgG1, IgG4, and IgE antibody responses in human strongyloidiasis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using Strongyloides ratti saline extract as heterologous antigen for a possible clinical utility of the assay. A total of 40 serum samples of patients who were shedding Strongyloides stercoralis larvae in feces (group I), 30 sera from patients with other intestinal parasites (group II), and 30 sera from subjects with negative results in three parasitological assays (group III) were analyzed to detect total IgG, IgG1, IgG4, and IgE to Strongyloides spp. by ELISA and expressed in ELISA index. Levels of total IgG anti-Strongyloides spp. were significantly higher in patients of group I than in groups II (p=0.0005) and III (p<0.0001). Levels of specific IgG1, IgG4, and IgE of group I were also significantly higher than in groups II and III, respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between specific IgE and IgG4 (r=0.6524; p=0.0084) and IgG1 and IgG4 (r=0.5398; p=0.0171). It can be concluded that the detection of specific IgE, IgG1, and IgG4 subclasses rather than total IgG antibodies to Strongyloides spp. using the S. ratti antigen showed to be an additional tool for improving the serodiagnosis of human strongyloidiasis.
Background: The role of mite allergen exposure in sensitization and development of asthma has been widely recognized. Previous studies have shown that Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Blomia tropicalis were the most prevalent house dust mites in Brazil, while D. farinae was rarely found. The aim of this study was to measure Der f 1 and Der p 1 allergen levels in Brazilian asthmatics’ and controls’ homes. Methods: Sixty-four houses (32 asthmatic, 32 control) were visited for dust sampling from five sites. Der f 1 and Der p 1 levels were measured by two-site monoclonal-antibody-based ELISAs. Results: The highest levels of Der f 1 and Der p 1 allergens were found in bedding samples from both asthmatics’ and controls’ homes. However, the geometric mean of Der f 1 levels (15.8 μg/g of dust) was significantly higher than for Der p 1 (8.2 μg/g of dust) in these samples. In addition, allergen levels ≥10 μg/g of dust were found in 60–80% of the samples for Der f 1 and about 50% for Der p 1. Conclusions: These results indicate that high levels of Der f 1 allergen are present in both asthmatics’ and controls’ homes, in contrast to previously reported data. Therefore, studies on exposure to mites should be performed in different cities, seasons and times, since the mite fauna might be subject to variations. Knowledge of the mite fauna will certainly improve the means of investigating the association between allergen exposure and sensitization, allowing to establish the inclusion of new mite extracts in inhalant skin test sets, and even to detect monosensitized patients with respiratory allergy.
Patients with grass pollen allergy, commonly called pollinosis, often present reactivity to pollen allergens from a number of grass species due to cross-reactivity of IgE antibodies to pollen proteins present in pollen grasses. In this context, Italian rye grass (Lolium multiflorum) pollen of the Poaceae family cultivated in Southern Brazil has been considered a major sensitizing agent in patients with pollinosis. In this region, Italian rye grass is capable of producing a great amount of pollen. In addition to L. multiflorum, other Poaceae grasses are naturally grown as weed in Southern Brazil, but with no clinical relevance. Pollen extracts derived from homologous or heterologous grasses are often used for both diagnosis and treatment of seasonal allergy. However, no standardized L. multiflorum pollen extract is commercially available in Brazil and mixed grass extracts are commonly used for diagnosis and immunotherapy of grass pollen allergy. Further studies are required to better characterize the cross-reactivity between L. multiflorum and other grass pollen allergens for improving the diagnosis and immunotherapy to L. multiflorum pollen allergy.
SUMMARYStrongyloides ratti larval extract was used for the standardization of ELISA to detect genus-specific IgE in human strongyloidiasis. Forty serum samples from monoinfected patients shedding S. stercoralis larvae (Group I), 40 from patients with other intestinal parasites (Group II), and 40 from copronegative healthy subjects (Group III) were analyzed. Genus-specific IgE levels (ELISA Index: EI) were significantly higher in the group I (EI = 1.43) than groups II (EI = 0.70) and III (EI = 0.71), showing positivity rates of 55%, 2.5% and 0%, respectively. Similarly, sera from copropositive patients had significantly higher levels of total IgE (866 IU/mL) as compared to those from group II (302 IU/mL) and III (143 IU/mL). A significant positive correlation was found between levels of Strongyloides specific-IgE and total IgE in sera from patients with strongyloidiasis. In conclusion, S. ratti heterologous extract showed to be a useful tool for detecting genus-specific IgE by ELISA, contributing for a better characterization of the immune response profile in human strongyloidiasis.
IgE antibody response in human strongyloidiasis was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunoblotting (IB) using (70, 63, 61, 44, 7 kDa). It can be concluded that these five antigenic components recognized by IB-IgE using S. ratti antigen might be employed as an additional tool for improving the immunodiagnosis in human strongyloidiasis.
Enquanto o mundo Lucrécio se compôs de átomos inalteráveis, o de Ovídio se compõe de qualidades, de atributos, de formas que definem a diversidade de cada coisa, cada planta, cada animal, cada pessoa; mas não passam de simples e tênues envoltórios de uma substância comum quese uma profunda paixão a agitapode transformar-se em algo totalmente diferente.
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