Hemorrhagic cholecystitis: case report and literature review Introduction: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis is a rare complication of acute cholecystitis with a high mortality. Materials and Method: Patient with abdominal pain in right hypochondrium and jaundice. Laboratory analyses and hepatobiliary ultrasound suggested acute cholecystitis, however, general worsening during hospital stay was observed and a computed tomography was performed, revealing hemorrhagic cholecystitis and hemoperitoneum. Results: Urgent laparotomy which confirmed tomographic results, successfully solved with cholecystectomy. Discussion: Hemorrhagic cholecystitis diagnosis is difficult as symptoms at the beginning do not differ from acute cholecystitis, then, clinical suspicion and a correct image analysis is crucial for its detection. Conclusion: Although, perforated hemorrhagic cholecystitis with hemoperitoneum is a very rare entity with confused diagnosis, an abdominal computed tomography with intravenous contrast is very important in any patient with severe acute cholecystitis suspicion.
BackgroundAdult intestinal intussusception is a rare condition caused by the mechanical disruption of bowel motility. A bezoar is defined as indigestible material inside the gastrointestinal tract that develops into a trapped mass; the most frequent bezoar is a trichobezoar. When a trichobezoar extends into the small intestine it is defined as Rapunzel’s syndrome. Literature describing complications related to this pathology remains scarce.Case presentationA 16-year-old Mexican girl presented to our emergency room with acute abdomen and a presumptive diagnosis of intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography was suggestive of intussusception. Surgery confirmed a jejunal-jejunal intussusception with a mass within the gastric cavity extending into her small intestine, corresponding to a trichobezoar. A manual intussusception reduction and a gastrotomy with extraction of the trichobezoar were performed.ConclusionsWe present a case of a jejunum intussusception as a complication of Rapunzel syndrome. Our patient had a favorable outcome after surgical intervention with a manual intussusception reduction, with retrograde displacement of the trichobezoar into the gastric lumen, and a complete extraction through a gastrostomy. Follow-up included psychiatric evaluation.
Recording Doublet photography provides a reliable CVS dissection criterion. It can be easily reproduced during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The identification of cystic structures adds to the culture of safety during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
These cysts can debut as an acute abdomen due to haemorrhage, infection, obstruction and/or bowel perforation, complications can be life threatening if not detected and surgically treated at an early stage by performing a resection of the pseudocysts, with or without bowel resection, depending on the location and the size of the cyst.
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