Network structured NiO sheets served as a mediator for lithium-sulfur battery coupled with a carbon layer on the cathode side in combination prevented the dissolution of polysulfides, enhanced the rate capability and long-term stability.
Heteroatom doping is widely recognized as an appealing strategy to break the capacitance limitation of carbonaceous materials toward sodium storage. However, the concrete effects, especially for heteroatomic phase transformation, during the sodium storage reaction remain a confusing topic. Here, a novel hypercrosslinked polymerization approach is demonstrated to fabricate pyrrole/thiophene hypercrosslinked microporous copolymer and further give porous carbonaceous materials with accurately regulated N/S dual doping corresponding to starting feeding ratios. Significantly, the N doping contributes to the conductivity and surface wettability, while the S doping is bridged to build stable active sites, which can be electrochemically converted into mercaptan anions via faraday reaction and further enhancing reversible capacities. Meanwhile, the abundant S doping can also conduce to the expanded interlayer spacing to shorten the ions diffusion distance, thus optimizing the reaction kinetic. As a result, the N0.2S0.8‐micro‐dominant porous carbon delivers the highest reversible capacity of 521 mAh g−1 at 100 mA g−1 and excellent cyclic stability over 2000 cycles at 2000 mA g−1 with a capacity decay of 0.0145 mAh g−1 per cycle. This work is anticipated to provide an in‐depth understanding of capacitance contribution and illuminate the heteroatomic phase transformation during sodium storage reactions for doping carbonaceous anodes.
Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1), a transcription factor expressed in multiple organs, plays important roles in embryonic development and hematopoiesis. Although RUNX1 is highly expressed in pulmonary tissues, its roles in lung function and homeostasis are unknown. We sought to assess the role of RUNX1 in lung development and inflammation after LPS challenge. Expression of RUNX1 was assessed in the developing and postnatal lung. RUNX1 was conditionally deleted in pulmonary epithelial cells. Pulmonary maturation was evaluated in the developing and postnatal lung, and lung inflammation was investigated in adult mice after LPS challenge. Interactions between RUNX1 and inflammatory signaling via NF-κB-IkB kinase β were assessed in vitro. RUNX1 was expressed in both mesenchymal and epithelial compartments of the developing and postnatal lung. The RUNX1 gene was efficiently deleted from respiratory epithelial cells producing Runx1 mice. Although lung maturation was delayed, Runx1 mice survived postnatally and subsequent growth and maturation of the lung proceeded normally. Increased respiratory distress, inflammation, and proinflammatory cytokines were observed in the Runx1-deleted mice after pulmonary LPS exposure. RUNX1 deletion was associated with the activation of NF-κB in respiratory epithelial cells. RUNX1 was required for the suppression of NF-κB signaling pathway via inhibition of IkB kinase β in in vitro studies. RUNX1 plays a critical role in the lung inflammation after LPS-induced injury.
Abstract-This paper presents a novel permanent-magnet (PM) machine for wind power generation.In order to achieve high power/torque density as well as get rid of the nuisances aroused by the mechanical gearbox, a coaxial magnetic gear (CMG) is engaged. Different from the existing integrated machine in which armature windings are deployed in the inner bore of the CMG as an individual part, stator windings are directly inserted among the slots between the ferromagnetic segments in this proposed machine. Thus, it can offer several merits, such as simpler mechanical structure, better utilization of PM materials and lower manufacturing cost. Moreover, by artfully designing the connection of the armature windings, the electromagnetic coupling between the windings and the outer rotor PMs can be dramatically decreased, and the electromechanical energy conversion can be achieved by the field interaction between the inner rotor PMs and the armature windings.
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