This paper explores biogeography-based learning particle swarm optimization (BLPSO). Specifically, based on migration of biogeography-based optimization (BBO), a new biogeography-based learning strategy is proposed for particle swarm optimization (PSO), whereby each particle updates itself by using the combination of its own personal best position and personal best positions of all other particles through the BBO migration. The proposed BLPSO is thoroughly evaluated on 30 benchmark functions from CEC 2014. The results are very promising, as BLPSO outperforms five well-established PSO variants and several other representative evolutionary algorithms.
Abstract-Various indices are used for assessing vegetation and soil properties in satellite remote sensing applications. Some indices, such as NDVI and NDWI, are defined based on the sensitivity and significance of specific bands. Nowadays, remote sensing capability with a good number of bands and high spatial resolution is available. Instead of classification based on indices, this paper explores direct classification using selected bands. Recently launched Sentinel-2A is adopted as a case study. Three methods are compared, where the first approach utilizes traditional indices and the latter two approaches adopt specific bands (Red, NIR, and SWIR) and full bands of on-board sensors, respectively. It is shown that a better classification performance can be achieved by directly using the three selected bands compared with the one using indices, while the use of all 13 bands can further improve the performance. Therefore, it is recommended the new approach can be applied for Sentinel-2A image analysis and other wide applications.
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