Objective: The use and sales of herbal medications have increased dramatically over the past several years. Pharmacists are in an ideal position to educate patients about herbal medicines. This study was intended to determine the knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists regarding herbal medications. Methods: A survey was distributed to pharmacists at several state and regional meetings in Virginia and North Carolina between August and October 1998. The survey evaluated demographic data, attitudinal scales, and a 15-item herbal medicine knowledge test. Pharmacists immediately returned the surveys to the distributor on completion. Results: Of the 217 surveys distributed. 164 met the Inclusion criteria for further evaluation. Of the pharmacists surveyed, 68.0% practiced in a community pharmacy, 45.1% had previous continuing education on herbal medications, and 73.6% sold herbal medications in their practice settings. The average score on the herbal knowledge test was 6.3 (maximum score of 15). Pharmacists with previous continuing education scored significantly higher than those without prior continuing education (p < 0.001). Of the 15 questions, the five that pharmacists were most likely to answer correctly assessed the uses of herbal medications. Additionally, pharmacists with prior continuing education or with access to herbal medication information at their practice site were more likely to agree that providing information about herbal medication is a pharmacist's professional responsibility (p = 0.02 and p = 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: The findings from this study demonstrate that pharmacists were more likely to answer correctly about the uses of herbal medications than about drug interactions, adverse drug effects, and precautions of herbal medications. Additionally, pharmacists with previous continuing education on herbal medications were more knowledgeable about these products. With the increasing use of herbal medications, there is a greater need for pharmacy training programs in this area.
This investigation provided some insight into the factors predictive of noncompliance in a low-income, outpatient population. Perceived barriers, marital status, living arrangements, and drug regimen played significant roles in warfarin noncompliance. Our results provide more evidence supporting the use of refill adherence and patient self-report as measures of noncompliance. This linkage helps validate compliance as a useful surrogate of patient health outcomes. This study also offers a model that can help clinicians identify patients at significant risk of noncompliant behavior.
An ABMS program in a community pharmacy setting was associated with higher rates of adherence and persistence for patients who had been taking chronic medications for at least 6 months. Approximately 18 to 35 additional ABMS participants were adherent for every 100 patients enrolled when compared with usual care. For every 100 patients receiving usual care, 17 to 40 additional patients in the ABMS group were persistent. This study shows that ABMS programs can improve medication adherence and persistence for patients who are newly prescribed or currently taking chronic medications.
Opioid-related poisoning causes a substantial burden to the United States each year. Costs related to mortality account for the majority of costs. Interventions designed to prevent or reverse opioid-related poisoning can have significant impacts on cost, especially where death is prevented.
The findings from this study demonstrate that pharmacists were more likely to answer correctly about the uses of herbal medications than about drug interactions, adverse drug effects, and precautions of herbal medications. Additionally, pharmacists with previous continuing education on herbal medications were more knowledgeable about these products. With the increasing use of herbal medications, there is a greater need for pharmacy training programs in this area.
scite is a Brooklyn-based startup that helps researchers better discover and understand research articles through Smart Citations–citations that display the context of the citation and describe whether the article provides supporting or contrasting evidence. scite is used by students researchers from around the world and is funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health.