Care actions developed in clinical nursing practice are highlighted by the systematization of care in nursing consultations, a moment of direct interaction with the individual, thus contributing to improvement in the quality of care provided.
ResumoAs ações de enfrentamento à violência não são exclusivas do setor saúde, sendo preciso aporte de uma rede intersetorial. AbstractActions against violence are not the responsibility of the health sector alone. They require an intersectoral network support. This is a research based on the Grounded Theory method, approved by the Ethics Committee. Fifty-two professionals working in the Family Health Strategy were interviewed in order to understand the meanings attributed by these professionals concerning women in situations of domestic violence. Women in domestic violence situations are referred to a psychologist and a social worker from the Family Health Strategy Nucleus. Some centers were mentioned as external referrals: Reference Center, Women's Police Station, Institute of Forensic Medicine and hospital space or maternity. However, the lack of knowledge about the services and intersectoral disarticulation harms women's care. Knowledge about the services, understanding about the flow and intersectoral coordination are the improvements suggested. As autoras declaram não haver conflitos de interesse. Keywords
Objective: to understand the actions and interactions performed by nurses in caring for patients and their family in the process of death and dying. Methods: a qualitative study implementing a theoretical and methodological contribution of Grounded Theory. An individual interview was conducted with 18 participants, divided into three sample groups. Results: weakness in nurses' training regarding the death-dying process, the importance of the nurse-patient bond, family members support, and respect for the grieving process is apparent. As coping strategies, ongoing education, sharing experiences with peers and attachment to spiritual beliefs can be emphasized. Empathy appears as the main challenge, considering the influence of personal and bureaucratic factors. Conclusion: the way nurses respond to the challenges of their professional performance, seeking to build a bond with patients and families, supporting and respecting their process of mourning based on empathy stand out among the actions and interactions performed in care of the patient and family in the process of death and dying. Descriptors: Death; Attitude to Death; Nursing; Hospitals. Objetivo: compreender as ações e interações suscitadas por enfermeiros no cuidado ao paciente e família em processo de morte e morrer. Métodos: pesquisa qualitativa com aporte teórico-metodológico da Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados. Foi realizada entrevista individual com 18 participantes, divididos em três grupos amostrais. Resultados: ressalta-se fragilidade na formação do enfermeiro sobre o processo de morte-morrer, importância do vínculo enfermeiro-paciente, apoio aos familiares e respeito ao processo de luto. Como estratégias de enfrentamento, a educação permanente, compartilhamento de experiências com pares e apego às crenças espirituais. A empatia aparece como principal desafio, considerando a influência de fatores pessoais e burocráticos. Conclusão: destaca-se nas ações e interações suscitadas no cuidado ao paciente e família em processo de morte e morrer a maneira como os enfermeiros respondem aos desafios da atuação profissional, buscando construir vínculo com pacientes e familiares, apoiando e respeitando o processo de luto com base na empatia.
Objective: Knowing the strategies used by patients in coping with coronary heart disease and myocardial revascularization surgical procedure. Methods: The Grounded Theory method was used as a methodological framework for the reading of data from a larger study entitled: Contextualizing the surgical experience and the living process of the patient undergoing myocardial revascularization. Data collection was conducted from October 2010 to August 2011, through semi-structured interviews with three sample groups (patients, relatives of patients and health professionals) and 23 participants. Results: The results indicate the strategies used by patients who underwent a surgical revascularization process, which are: family, spiritual and professional support. Conclusion: The experience of cardiac surgery modifies the living process of cardiac patients and the used strategies make the experience less traumatic to them. Thus, these data provide the theoretical basis for nursing care. ResumoObjetivo: Conhecer as estratégias utilizadas por pacientes no enfrentamento da doença cardíaca coronária e do processo cirúrgico de revascularização miocárdica. Métodos: Utilizou-se a Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados como referencial metodológico para a releitura dos dados de um estudo mais amplo intitulado: Significando a experiência cirúrgica e o processo de viver do paciente submetido à revascularização do miocárdio. A coleta de dados foi realizada de outubro de 2010 a agosto de 2011, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada, com três grupos amostrais (pacientes, familiares de pacientes e profissionais de saúde) e 23 participantes. Resultados: Os resultados apontam as estratégias utilizadas pelos pacientes submetidos ao processo cirúrgico de revascularização miocárdica, quais sejam: apoio familiar, espiritual e profissional. Conclusão: A experiência da cirurgia cardíaca modifica o processo de viver do paciente cardíaco e as estratégias utilizadas tornam a vivência menos traumática ao paciente. Logo, tais dados fornecem base teórica para o cuidado de enfermagem.
Objective: Understanding the factors that influence the reference and counter-reference process of people indicated/submitted to Myocardial Revascularization surgery in the Primary Health Care scenario. Method: A qualitative research anchored in the Grounded Theory, totaling 41 participants subdivided into three groups (patients, health professionals and managers) in the Metropolitan and West Region of Santa Catarina. Results: Two categories elucidate the intervening factors found, contrasting the potentialities and obstacles in (creating) the bond between people affected by cardiovascular diseases and primary health care for the reference process, highlighting weaknesses in the primary health care services provided, with failures in the counter-reference for people submitted to myocardial revascularization surgery. Conclusion: Strengthening the potentialities presented in this study is essential for the reference process of people affected by Cardiovascular Disease, as well as strategic actions focused on solving the evidenced obstacles which contribute to deficiencies in the referral and counter-referral process, thus impeding integral care in the health care network.
Approval: 06-01-2016 ABSTRACT Objective: to understand signifi cances attributed by nurses who manage nursing care to the individual affected by cardiovascular disease to relations, interactions and associations of the educational practices in a cardiovascular reference hospital. To elaborate a theoretical explanatory model based on signifi cances attributed in the light of the complex thinking. Method: qualitative study, which used Theory Based on Data (TBD) as methodological reference. Twenty-two professionals of nursing participated in the study. Results: the results indicate need of professional qualifi cation to ensure the safety of patients, institutional support for the realization of educational practices, attitude of openness and availability of dialogue of the health professionals and other institutional conformations for the workers' development. Conclusion: the study presents a new space for the nurse's action that can be used to qualify and optimize the nursing practice, as it provides visibility to management and care in health institutions. Descriptors: Nursing; Nursing Management; Permanent Education; Hospital Service of Education; Cardiology. RESUMO Objetivo: compreender os signifi cados atribuídos por enfermeiros gestores do cuidado de enfermagem ao indivíduo acometido por doença cardiovascular às relações, interações e associações das práticas educativas em um hospital referência cardiovascular. Elaborar um modelo teórico explicativo com base nos signifi cados atribuídos à luz do pensamento complexo. Método: estudo qualitativo, o qual utilizou a Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados (TFD) como referencial metodológico. Participaram do estudo 22 profi ssionais de enfermagem. Resultados: os resultados apontam a necessidade de qualifi cação profi ssional para garantia da segurança do paciente, apoio institucional para a efetivação das práticas educativas, atitude de abertura e disponibilidade dialógica dos profi ssionais de saúde e de outras conformações institucionais para o desenvolvimento dos trabalhadores. Conclusão: o estudo apresenta um novo espaço de atuação para o enfermeiro que pode ser utilizado de forma a qualifi car e potencializar a práxis em enfermagem, por conferir visibilidade à gestão do cuidado de enfermagem nas instituições de saúde. Descritores: Enfermagem; Gestão em Saúde; Educação Permanente; Serviço Hospitalar de Educação; Cardiologia. RESUMEN Objetivo: comprender los signifi cados atribuidos por enfermeros gestores de atención de enfermería al paciente de enfermedad cardiovascular respecto de relaciones, interacciones y asociaciones de prácticas educativas en hospital cardiovascular de referencia. Elaborar modelo teórico explicativo basado en los signifi cados atribuidos a la luz del pensamiento complejo. Método: estudio cualitativo, utilizando la Teoría Fundamentada en los Datos (TFD) como referencial metodológico. Participaron 22 profesionales de enfermería. Resultados: los resultados expresan la necesidad de califi cación profesional para garantizar la seguridad del paciente, a...
Objectives: to identify information that can support creating good practice assumptions to develop family interview for organ and tissue donation. Methods: this scoping study, conducted in two Brazilian hospitals in the southern, between April and December 2017, included integrative review and consultation with 15 families who experienced interview for organ donation. For data analysis, thematic content analysis was used. Results: three categories emerged: communication of death, which shows the need to know the history of hospitalization of patients; emotional support, the team must have mastery of the stages of mourning; information about donation, professionals need to know the stages of the donation process and respect families’ time. Final Considerations: good practice assumptions point to the need for team training, respect for family time and the use of simple language.
Objective: to investigate the factors associated with mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting in a cardiovascular referral hospital in Santa Catarina. Method: quantitative, exploratory, descriptive and retrospective study. The medical records of 1447 patients, from 2005 to 2013, were analyzed for statistically related variables, these being: profile, hospitalization diagnosis, risk factors for coronary artery disease, complications recorded during the hospitalization, length of hospitalization and cause of death. Results: the mortality rate was 5.3% during the study period. Death was more common in females and those of black skin color, with a mean age of 65 years. Acute myocardial infarction was the most common hospitalization diagnosis. The majority of the complications recorded during hospitalization were characterized by changes in the cardiovascular system, with longer hospitalization periods being directly related to death from septic shock. Conclusion: the data provide subsidies for nursing work with preventive measures and early detection of complications associated with coronary artery bypass grafting. This reinforces the importance of using the data as quality indicators, aiming to guarantee care guided by reliable information to guide managers in planning patient care and high complexity health services.
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