Objective: To evaluate the support offered by health professionals to mothers of newborns admitted to the neonatal unit.Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach conducted at the Regional Hospital of Tucuruí, in the state of Pará, region of the Brazilian Amazon, where 33 mothers who had newborn children admitted to the neonatal unit responded to the structured adapted version of the NPST (Nurse Parent Support Tool ). Results: Most were aged 20-34 years (48%), married or in a stable relationship (69%), multiracial (87%), housewife (57%), with up to 11 years of study (72%). The scores for the NPST subdomains were 3.39 ± 1.65 (Communication and Information Support), 4.13 ± 1.33 (Emotional Support), 3.93 ± 1.46 (Incentive Support), and 4.21 ± 1,27 (Instrumental Support). The findings revealed unsatisfactory communication and information support from health professionals to mothers, although they expressed satisfaction with the care provided. Conclusions: The perception of scarcity of human resources and health education, verified in this study, weakens the communication process during hospitalization and influences the mother's well-being, leading to a decrease in the efficiency of the support provided. The improvement in this area can lead to better results in daily practice. The replication of this study to other locations can lead to more significant assistance to mothers of hospitalized neonates and provide new technologies and strategies in health education.
Objectives: To determine blood glucose distribution values; to assess the association of admission serum glucose levels with 28-day mortality to the frequency of invasive mechanical ventilation-free days. Design: Retrospective cohort studySetting: Brazilian Amazon Region. Patients: Population (n = 400) composed of patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit, from January 2016 to December 2017. Exclusion criteria were patients with length of stay of <24 hours; diabetes mellitus; suspicion or evidence of inborn errors of metabolism; insulin use; palliative care and brain death. Main outcome measures: The patients were divided into 4 groups: 1) serum glucose <60mg/dL; 2) control group if serum glucose between 60-126 mg/dL; 3) between 127-150mg/dL; or 4) if > 150mg/dL. Results: Serum glucose levels frequency were: <60: 43 (11%); 60-126: 235 (58.7%); 127-150: 51 (13%) and > 150: 71 (18%). Groups 3 and 4 had the highest frequency of external origin, with respectively 24 (47.1%) and 40 (56.3%); the main diagnosis was infection, with 26 (51%) and 50 (70.4%), respectively. Sepsis occurred in 24 (47.1%) and 47 (66.2%) individuals in the groups 3 and 4, respectively, while septic shock was more frequent in the group 4 (46 [4.8%]). Group 2 had predominance of ventilator-associated pneumonia with 11 (36.7%). The estimate of ventilation-free days in group 4 was 2.84 (SD +/- 0.69; 95% CI: 1.5-4.2). Conclusion: Hyperglycemia group had a lower frequency of ventilation-free days and higher 28-day mortality.
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