Intraoperative lymph node mapping and sentinel lymph node biopsy have proven beneficial techniques in staging adult patients with melanoma of the head and neck, where there is great variability in lymphatic drainage. This technique has also been applied to pediatric patients with truncal cutaneous melanomas in an effort to determine nodal status without the morbidity associated with complete lymph node dissection. Nevertheless, the utility of sentinel lymph node biopsy in head and neck melanoma in the pediatric population has not been established. The objective of the authors' study was to determine the clinical utility of intraoperative lymph node mapping and sentinel lymph node biopsy of head and neck melanoma in the pediatric population. The authors reviewed the records of seven pediatric patients with head and neck melanoma or borderline melanocytic proliferations of unknown biologic potential who underwent intraoperative lymph node mapping and sentinel lymph node biopsy between 1998 and 2001. All sentinel lymph node specimens were examined by a melanoma dermatopathologist for the presence of metastatic melanoma. The mean operative time for each case was 3 hours, 8 minutes (range, 2 hours, 15 minutes to 3 hours, 50 minutes). All seven pediatric patients who underwent extirpation of a primary head and neck melanoma and preoperative lymphoscintigraphy had unique and identifiable basins of drainage to regional nodal groups. Four of seven patients had at least one positive sentinel lymph node. Overall, five of 19 sentinel nodes (26 percent) resected had evidence of metastatic melanoma. Of the patients with positive sentinel lymph nodes, two of the primary lesions were diagnosed as melanoma while two were initially considered atypical melanocytic proliferations of uncertain biologic potential with melanoma in the differential diagnosis. Sentinel lymph nodes in pediatric patients with melanoma of the head and neck can be successfully mapped and biopsied, as in adult patients. In addition, this procedure can provide critical diagnostic information for those pediatric patients with diagnostically challenging, controversial, or borderline melanocytic lesions.
Arnica montana seems to accelerate postoperative healing, with quicker resolution of the extent and the intensity of ecchymosis after osteotomies in rhinoplasty surgery, which may dramatically affect patient satisfaction.
The butterfly graft for internal nasal valve dysfunction results in cosmetic alteration to nasal tip width with a mean change of 6.4%. The change in supratip projection showed greater variability possibly related to purposeful cosmetic changes. Depending on the patient's level of nasal dysfunction, the 6.4% mean change in nasal tip width may be more or less personally significant.
To evaluate the safety and efficiency of and patient satisfaction with a 2-team approach for combined rhinoplasty and sinus surgery.Methods: Weconductedaretrospectivemedicalchartanalysis of consecutive patients with sinus disease and functional nasal obstruction. Forty-four patients (29 women and 15 men; age range, 22-75 years) had severe nasal obstruction with chronic sinusitis and were found to have indications for this procedure. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 6 months after surgery. Patients completed a standardized questionnaire at the time of medical chart review, and 36 patients completed a telephone interview.Results: All 44 patients underwent rhinoplasty with an endoscopic sinus procedure. Twenty-seven procedures (61%) were endonasal, whereas 17 (39%) were open rhi-
Patients' preferences were similar to the ideal in 3 of 5 parameters, and the remaining parameters approached the ideal. These parameters are useful in creating satisfying proportions in aesthetic rhinoplasty and reconstructive surgery within our population. Rather than population-based normative data or ideals based on fashion models or Greek statuary, these are proportions requested by patients. Computer imaging software, used by a growing number of aesthetic surgeons, holds a wealth of data regarding common patient preferences.
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