Recently in Paris, a new book appeared on sale under the written title, compiled by two French psychiatrists. One of the authors (Ch Vallon) is the senior physician of the hospital for the mentally ill near Paris (Asile d'alienes de Villejnif), and the other (Ar. Marie) is the physician-director de la colonie familiale de Dun-sur-Aaron (Cher). Both authors were official delegates to the international congress of doctors in Moscow in 1897 and took this opportunity to inspect all the main psychiatric institutions in Russia, moreover, this task was also included in the program of their business trip. This book thus represents a kind of report on their business trip, and this report concerns only the results of the examination of psychiatric hospitals and clinics.
From all clinical material of the psychiatric clinic prof. Tuczek'a in Marburg over the past two decades, the author has collected 54 cases of progressive paralysis in women and subjected them to a detailed analysis. According to the family status, the sick were distributed as follows: 7 unmarried, 12 widows and 35 married; 7 of the last were abandoned by their husbands.
We have already had a chance to express our opinion about the major merits of V. A. Muratov's "clinical lectures" when their 1st issue appeared. Reading the second issue of "lectures" positively strengthened us in this opinion and gave us great pleasure. The author's "lectures" reveal in him great observation, undoubted experience and ability to critically operate on clinical and pathological-anatomical materials.
This very detailed work of the venerable author is the first most successful attempt to outline the real situation of the mentally ill in a certain area, in this case, in the territory of the Moscow province. The material for this work was the data collected in 1893 during the statistical study of the mentally ill on behalf and at the expense of the Moscow Provincial Zemstvo.
The author's brochure is a revision of his article "On the Medical Significance of Hypnosis" published in 1894. In the present edition, the author has made some additions, based on the latest observations. In his work, the author is primarily concerned with clarifying the issue of the essence of hypnosis and, on the basis of his personal observations, is inclined more in favor of a view of hypnosis, as a special modification of normal sleep, caused by well-known principles. In terms of the strength and degree of development, various states of hypnosis can be fully likened to various degrees of natural sleep.
Cases of mental illness in twins are few described; the author found only 29 such cases in the literature. Having cited short excerpts from these observations, the author then proceeds to describe his own case, observed in the Moscow Psychiatric Clinic at the end of 1899.
Epilepsy, belongs to the number of diseases, for which the prediction is always extremely uncertain. The question of the curability of epilepsy remained completely open for a long time, and only since the use of bromide drugs in the treatment of this suffering did the prognosis for epilepsy improve. Over the past time, some authors have stated that some cases of pure epilepsy with appropriate treatment can be completely cured. Different observers unequally calculate the percentage of recovery in epilepsy: Hufeland and Mller take 5%, Laehr 6%, Ackermann 7.6%, Wildermuth 8.5%, Reynold 10%, Alt 12.5.
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