From January 1987 through June 1992, 18 patients with poor left ventricular function (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] less than 0.3) underwent elective isolated primary coronary artery bypass surgery. The mean age was 56.4 years (range, 46 to 72 years), and 15 were males and 3 were females. Mean pre-operative LVEF measured by ventriculography was 0.26 +/- 0.03 (range, 0.19 to 0.30). Sixteen patients (88.9%) had a prior myocardial infarction and 9 (50%) had a history of congestive heart failure. Complete revascularization was the goal for all patients, and the mean number of bypass grafts was 3.0 +/- 0.8 per patient. The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was revascularized in all patients. There were no operative deaths. Post-operative LVEF improved significantly from 0.26 +/- 0.03 to 0.42 +/- 0.11 (p = 0.0002), and the regional left ventricular wall motion improved in the diaphragmatic and posterobasal regions (p < 0.01). The patency of the grafts was 93.9% in all, and 100% for LAD. The mean follow-up period was 77 months, and the overall actuarial survival rate was 88.9% at 10 years. During follow-up periods, two patients died of congestive heart failure (CHF), and two required three rehospitalizations because of CHF. The overall cardiac event free rate was 75.8% at 10 years. In patients with poor left ventricular function, surgical revascularization can be performed safely, but congestive heart failure sometimes occurs during follow-up periods and may be the cause of death. Therefore alternate forms of therapy such as cardiac transplantation and/or TMLR should be considered in selected patients.
A new extracardiac method of annuloplasty for tricuspid insufficiency was performed on cadavers and in dogs. This procedure effectively produced valvular ring cerclage without causing any decrease in right coronary arterial blood flow. In the animal model, using this approach experimental tricuspid stenosis was successfully attempted. The details of the procedure are reported in this article.
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