ObjectiveThe best approach for Helicobacter pylori management remains unclear. An audit process is essential to ensure clinical practice is aligned with best standards of care.DesignInternational multicentre prospective non-interventional registry starting in 2013 aimed to evaluate the decisions and outcomes in H. pylori management by European gastroenterologists. Patients were registered in an e-CRF by AEG-REDCap. Variables included demographics, previous eradication attempts, prescribed treatment, adverse events and outcomes. Data monitoring was performed to ensure data quality. Time-trend and geographical analyses were performed.Results30 394 patients from 27 European countries were evaluated and 21 533 (78%) first-line empirical H. pylori treatments were included for analysis. Pretreatment resistance rates were 23% to clarithromycin, 32% to metronidazole and 13% to both. Triple therapy with amoxicillin and clarithromycin was most commonly prescribed (39%), achieving 81.5% modified intention-to-treat eradication rate. Over 90% eradication was obtained only with 10-day bismuth quadruple or 14-day concomitant treatments. Longer treatment duration, higher acid inhibition and compliance were associated with higher eradication rates. Time-trend analysis showed a region-dependent shift in prescriptions including abandoning triple therapies, using higher acid-inhibition and longer treatments, which was associated with an overall effectiveness increase (84%–90%).ConclusionManagement of H. pylori infection by European gastroenterologists is heterogeneous, suboptimal and discrepant with current recommendations. Only quadruple therapies lasting at least 10 days are able to achieve over 90% eradication rates. European recommendations are being slowly and heterogeneously incorporated into routine clinical practice, which was associated with a corresponding increase in effectiveness.
Concomitant therapy led to a non-statistically significant advantage (5%) over sequential therapy, coming closer to 90% cure rates. Both therapies showed an acceptable safety profile. ClincialTrials.gov: NCT01273441.
EPI is a frequent but under-recognized complication of pancreatic surgery. These guidelines provide evidence-based recommendations for the definition, diagnosis, and management of EPI after pancreatic surgery.
Empiric triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori should be abandoned when clarithromycin resistance rate is >15–20%. Optimisation of triple therapy (high‐dose acid suppression and 14‐day duration) can increase eradication rates by 10%.
To compare the efficacy and safety of optimised triple (OPT‐TRI) and nonbismuth quadruple concomitant (OPT‐CON) therapies.
Prospective multicentre study in 16 Spanish centres using triple therapy in clinical practice. In a 3‐month two‐phase fashion, the first 402 patients received an OPT‐TRI therapy [esomeprazole (40 mg b.d.), amoxicillin (1 g b.d) and clarithromycin (500 mg b.d) for 14 days] and the last 375 patients an OPT‐CON treatment [OPT‐TRI therapy plus metronidazole (500 mg b.d)].
Seven‐hundred seventy‐seven consecutive patients were included (402 OPT‐TRI, 375 OPT‐CON). The OPT‐CON therapy achieved significantly higher eradication rates in the per‐protocol [82.3% (95% CI = 78–86%) vs. 93.8% (91–96%), P < 0.001] and intention‐to‐treat analysis [81.3% (78–86%) vs. 90.4% (87–93%), P < 0.001]. Adverse events (97% mild/moderate) were significantly more common with OPT‐CON therapy (39% vs. 47%, P = 0.016), but full compliance with therapy was similar between groups (94% vs. 92%, P = 0.4). OPT‐CON therapy was the only significant predictor of successful eradication (odds ratio, 2.24; 95% CI: 1.48–3.51, P < 0.001). The rate of participating centres achieving cure rates ≥90% favoured OPT‐CON therapy (OPT‐TRI 25% vs. OPT‐CON 62%).
Empiric OPT‐CON therapy achieved significantly higher cure rates (>90%) compared to OPT‐TRI therapy. Addition of metronidazole to OPT‐TRI therapy increased eradication rates by 10%, resulting in more mild adverse effects, but without impairing compliance with therapy.
Levofloxacin-based rescue therapy constitutes an encouraging empirical third-line strategy after multiple previous H. pylori eradication failures with key antibiotics such as amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, and tetracycline.
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