Actinic cheilitis is thought to be a premalignant lesion or a superficial squamous cell carcinoma. The prevalence of actinic cheilitis in Europe is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of actinic cheilitis in the Galicia region (north-west Spain). Secondary objectives were the description of risk factors of actinic cheilitis. A cross-sectional multicentre study in patients ≥ 45 years of age was performed in 8 dermatology departments in Galicia region during a 1-year period. The prevalence of actinic cheilitis was 31.3%. Significant and independent risk factors of actinic cheilitis after multivariate analysis were age ≥ 60 years, Fitzpatrick skin phototype II, outdoor working for more than 25 years, and previous history of non-melanoma skin cancer. This is the first cross-sectional multicentre study of the prevalence of actinic cheilitis in Europe. Actinic cheilitis was present in almost one-third of the screened patients. Lip examination should be performed in all patients with chronic actinic damage.
We report 3 cases of congenital multiple glomus tumors seen during the last 5 years. One of them showed autosomal dominant inheritance with male-to-male transmission. The remaining patients had no family history of similar lesions. The clinical and histopathological aspects of our patients support the recently described type 2 segmental manifestation of multiple glomus tumors. One of the cases showed associated multiple and giant trichilemmal cysts with a linear distribution in the scalp.
An 87-year-old woman developed erythema, induration and tenderness of the skin overlying each breast. One year before, she had undergone an axillary lymph node dissection because of metastases from melanoma. The primary site was unknown. A skin biopsy showed pigmented tumor nests within the dermal lymphatic vessels, and immunohistochemistry confirmed the melanocytic origin. The diagnosis of inflammatory metastatic melanoma was made.
A 48-year-old man, previously healthy and asymptomatic, showed a unique skin lesion located on the right buttock. The histopathological study of the lesion disclosed an adenocarcinoma metastatic to the skin. The primary tumour was found at the head of the pancreas, and was confirmed by biopsy. Six months after the beginning of treatment with Gemcitabine the patient is still asymptomatic, and the cutaneous lesion has disappeared. Carcinomas of the pancreas represent less than 5% of human malignant neoplasms, skin involvement is rare, and metastasis generally multiple and situated in the periumbilical area. To our knowledge, very few patients have been reported with a solitary cutaneous lesion disclosing a pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The atypical location, the absence of related symptoms or analytical disorders, and the good progress of the patient make this case especially interesting.
A 17-year-old woman with Cornelia de Lange syndrome had asymptomatic skin lesions since the age of 4 years. These were multiple, follicular, horny papules, present on both cheeks, and surrounded by erythematous skin. Similar lesions were present on the external aspect of the arms, but amidst skin of normal coloration. Keratosis pilaris atrophicans faciei (ulerythema ophryogenes) has been described as a cutaneous marker for several congenital syndromes. To our knowledge, its possible association with Cornelia de Lange syndrome has never been reported.
Actinic cheilitis (AC) can precede the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the lip, a location with high risk of invasiveness and metastasis. We communicate the good results that we obtained when treating seven patients suffering from AC with ingenol mebutate (IM) 0,015% concentration gel on three consecutive days. Three patients achieved complete clearance and four significant improvement. IM is a topical field treatment approved for actinic keratosis. To our knowledge, reported experience in the management of AC with IM is very limited. Local skin responses grade 3 were the main adverse event observed and they resolved in all patients without specific therapy within 1 to 2 weeks. IM is characterized by its rapid clinical effect, its favorable safety profile and its dosing period of only 3 days, shorter than with other field therapies. All these facts make it an attractive new therapy for AC, with need for further study.
Nivolumab is a programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) inhibitor. It is part of a group of drugs known as immune checkpoint blockers, which enable potent and durable T-cell responses against several tumors. We report the case of a patient with a metastatic squamous cell carcinoma, who is being treated with nivolumab. This patient achieved a complete response and continues treatment without progression signs, supporting the notion that PD-1 inhibition can induce long-term remission and is well tolerated in this type of patient.
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