DOI: 10.1109/plasma.2004.1339896
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A. Holl, R. Redmer, G. Ropke, H. Reinholz

Abstract: Ultrafast laser heating of a solid offers a unique approach to examine the behavior of non-equilibrium high energy density states. Initially, the electrons are optically excited while the ions in the lattice remain cold. This is followed by electron-electron and electron-phonon relaxation. Numerous studies have been made at low laser fluences to investigate such processes together with solid-liquid transition.