volume 36, issue 3, P604-620 2020
DOI: 10.1093/oxrep/graa012
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Anthony J Venables

Abstract: Abstract Economic adjustment to trade and policy shocks is hampered by the fact that some sectors tend to cluster, so are hard to initiate in new places. This can give rise to persistent spatial disparities between cities within a country. The paper sets out a two-sector model in which cities divide into those producing tradable goods or services subject to agglomeration economies, and those only producing non-tradables for the national market. If import competition destroys some established tra…

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