1997
DOI: 10.1080/016502597385351 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Described preschoolers' conceptions of the consequences of their own emotions within the family demonstrated the linkage between this aspect of social cognition and emotional competence with peers, and examined contributions of parental emotion to both child variables. A total of 77 4-and 5-year-olds enacted dollhouse vignettes depicting consequences of their emotions. Parents completed questionnaires on negative emotion and sharing of positive affect, and teachers rated children's emotional competence with pe… Show more

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“…In a sample of American elementary school children, mothers' negative expressivity (a composite including both dominant and submissive) was positively related to children's facial distress for the total sample of boys and girls (and the finding was not moderated by sex; Valiente et al, 2004). Among preschoolers, parents' negative expressiveness has been negatively related to teachers' reports of children's empathy (Denham, 1997). It is also possible, however, that exposure to some degree of others' negative emotion fosters sympathy because these experiences offer children opportunities to learn about emotions and how to respond to them, especially if the emotion is not overly arousing or if the child is wellregulated (Halberstadt et al, 1999).…”
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“…In a sample of American elementary school children, mothers' negative expressivity (a composite including both dominant and submissive) was positively related to children's facial distress for the total sample of boys and girls (and the finding was not moderated by sex; Valiente et al, 2004). Among preschoolers, parents' negative expressiveness has been negatively related to teachers' reports of children's empathy (Denham, 1997). It is also possible, however, that exposure to some degree of others' negative emotion fosters sympathy because these experiences offer children opportunities to learn about emotions and how to respond to them, especially if the emotion is not overly arousing or if the child is wellregulated (Halberstadt et al, 1999).…”
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“…Consequently, they may be ill prepared to cope with negative emotions associated with viewing another's distress. Indeed, some investigators have found that exposure to high levels of parents' negative expressivity is related to low levels of emotion understanding (Dunn & Brown, 1994; although findings are mixed; see Halberstadt et al, 1999), prosocial behavior (Denham, 1997;Denham, Renwick-Debardi, & Hewes, 1994), and sociometric status (Boyum & Parke, 1995). Kochanska (1991Kochanska ( , 1995Kochanska ( , 1997 has also found that for toddlers who are fearful, gentle discipline deemphasizing power relates to high levels of conscience assessed in middle childhood.…”
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“…Denham, 1998;Sroufe, 1998). Investigações referidas por Denham e associados (Denham, 1997;Denham & Couchoud, 1990;Denham, MitchellCopeland, Strandberg, Auerbach & Blair, 1997;Denham, Zoller & Couchoud, 1994) centram a sua atenção na socialização das expressões emocionais e na compreensão que as crianças pequenas têm das emoções como respostas funcionais a circunstâncias externas. Os resultados referidos, por estes investigadores, indicam que a expressão e compreensão das emoções de crianças, em idade pré-escolar, variam consideravelmente e estão relacionadas com as interacções estabelecidas entre a figura parental e a criança durante os períodos da primeira e segunda infância.…”
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“…The family is one of the main socialization contexts of emotional expression and regulation among normative samples (Denham, 1997;Denham et al, 2000;Eisenberg, Fabes, & Losoya, 1997;Eisenberg et al, 2001). Among recent approaches used to investigate the relationship between family and children's adjustment are those oriented toward the structure of parental meta-emotions and the functioning role of meta-emotions in children's development Hooven, Gottman, & Fainsilber Katz, 1995;Katz, Maliken, & Stettler, 2012).…”
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