Blade icing can affect wind turbines to generate electricity. In severe cases, 30% of power generation is lost in a year, and safety problems in the vicinity of wind power plants are also caused. Researchers have designed anti-icing and de-icing technologies to reduce these effects, and excellent ice-detecting devices are a prerequisite for using anti-icing and de-icing technologies. Ultrasonic attenuation technology can effectively and reliably detect the presence of ice without affecting the aerodynamic performance of the blade, providing a reliable guarantee for anti-icing and de-icing systems. Deicing and anti-icing systems are divided into active and passive, active heating blades are still the most effective anti-icing and de-icing methods, but their energy consumption is too high. Although there are many existing de-icing methods, there are not many practical uses. This article introduces them separately and lists their advantages and disadvantages. The use of ultrasonic anti-icing and de-icing is an economical and reliable means that has been proven to be used for anti-icing and de-icing of blades. However, under normal circumstances, a single anti-icing de-icing system cannot completely solve the problem of icing of the blades. This paper suggests using both ultrasonic and hydrophobic coatings to cope with more icing conditions.
K E Y W O R D Santi-icing and deicing technology, fan blade, hydrophobic coating, ice detection technology, ultrasonic deicing
| INTRODUCTIONWith the rapid development of the world economy, lots of countries are increasingly demanding energy resources. Owing to release a lot of greenhouse gases, chemicals and toxins substances from the combustion of the fossil fuels such as coal and oil, 1 People began to look for renewable energy to provide energy consumption, such as wind energy, 2-4 hydrogen energy, 5-7 solar energy, 8-10 biogas and biomass energy. 11-15 With the wind power growing rapidly, generate electricity by using wind turbines is economical and environmentally friendly. 16 As can be seen in Figure 1, China's total installed capacity of wind turbines in 2016 is much higher than in other countries.China has the largest wind power market in the country, and the installed capacity of wind power is growing steadily year by year. The high density of air is conducive to the development of wind energy resources in cold regions. Figure 2 shows wind resource changes in different seasons. The wind speed from June to August is significantly lower than other months. There are also data showing that wind resources in cold regions are 10% higher than other regions. 17,18