2015
DOI: 10.1590/1982-3703001532013
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Valores, Atitudes e Uso de Bebidas Alcoólicas: Proposta de um Modelo Hierárquico

Abstract: This study aimed to understand the axiological basis of attitudes toward alcohol use by testing the hierarchical model of values→attitudes→behavior. One hundred and forty-nine undergraduates (most of whom were men; i.e., 57.4%) from Parnaíba, Brazil, participated in the study (mean age = 22.8 years). The participants answered the Basic Values Survey, Attitudes toward Use Alcohol Scale, and demographic questions. The results indicated that the excitement values positively correlated with favorable attitudes tow… Show more

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Cited by 6 publications
(5 citation statements)
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References 39 publications
(36 reference statements)
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“…Specifically, when ascribed with personal values, men were rated as less desirable than women, suggesting that the potential costs of having a long-term partner who endorses personal values are greater for women than for men. This result is consistent with previous research documenting that men’s (but not women’s) desirability as a long-term partner varies with ascribed excitement values ( Lopes et al, 2017 )—a class of personal values associated with risky activities (e.g., alcohol abuse; Medeiros et al, 2015 ) and infidelity ( Guerra et al, 2012 ). These partner attributes are undesirable for both sexes in a long-term relationship, but because women prioritize psychological attributes over physical features in a long-term context ( Williams et al, 2008 ), any psychological attribute that may lead to less parental investment—such as taking excessive risks that may reduce offspring survival, or committing emotional infidelity that may lead to diversion of resources—should be highly weighted in women’s evaluation of men’s desirability as a long-term partner.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 91%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…Specifically, when ascribed with personal values, men were rated as less desirable than women, suggesting that the potential costs of having a long-term partner who endorses personal values are greater for women than for men. This result is consistent with previous research documenting that men’s (but not women’s) desirability as a long-term partner varies with ascribed excitement values ( Lopes et al, 2017 )—a class of personal values associated with risky activities (e.g., alcohol abuse; Medeiros et al, 2015 ) and infidelity ( Guerra et al, 2012 ). These partner attributes are undesirable for both sexes in a long-term relationship, but because women prioritize psychological attributes over physical features in a long-term context ( Williams et al, 2008 ), any psychological attribute that may lead to less parental investment—such as taking excessive risks that may reduce offspring survival, or committing emotional infidelity that may lead to diversion of resources—should be highly weighted in women’s evaluation of men’s desirability as a long-term partner.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 91%
“…For example, the endorsement of personal values is associated with narcissistic traits (e.g., self-promoting mate attraction behaviors are positively associated with Narcissism; Monteiro et al, 2017 ), suggesting that individuals endorsing personal values may be more likely to prioritize their own interests over the interests of others. Individuals endorsing personal values—such as pleasure and sexuality—are also more likely to engage in risk-taking activities including heavy alcohol consumption ( Medeiros, Pimentel, Monteiro, Gouveia, & Medeiros, 2015 ) and infidelity ( Guerra et al, 2012 ). Men engaging in risk-taking activities may be less desirable in a long-term mating context to the extent that risk-taking signals greater likelihood of infidelity ( Buss & Schmitt, 1993 ).…”
Section: Values and Desirability As A Long-term Partnermentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Para tal, buscam evitar incertezas em relação ao futuro, engajando-se em comportamentos que promovam a manutenção da saúde física e da estabilidade financeira (Gouveia, 2013). Quanto a subfunção normativa, indivíduos guiados por tais valores aderem mais facilmente a obediência a normas convencionais (Coelho et al, 2018;Medeiros, Pimentel, Monteiro, Gouveia, & Medeiros, 2015). Isto pode servir como fator protetivo em relação a saúde mental, uma vez que atividades de auto-cuidado em relação a saúde exigem a adoção de práticas que demandam disciplina, obediência e auto-controle, tais como a prática regular de exercícios, visita regular a serviços de saúde ou a adoção de hábitos alimentares saudáveis.…”
Section: Discussionunclassified
“…Studies on behavior, one of the main topics in social psychology, commonly consist of two predictors: values and attitudes (Milfont, Duckitt, & Wagner, 2010). The structural relationship between value-attitude-behavior began with research on food purchases (Homer & Kahle, 1988) and continues to several other topics such as the use of alcoholic beverages (Medeiros, Pimentel, Monteiro, Gouveia, & Medeiros, 2015) and transformational leadership ( (Castillo, Adell, & Alvarez, 2018). Thus, values are on the basis of attitudes and behaviors.…”
Section: Interpersonal Relations and Trustmentioning
confidence: 99%