2018
DOI: 10.1590/0102-311x00011618
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Vaccine confidence and hesitancy in Brazil

Abstract: Despite the overall benefits of immunization, vaccine hesitancy has been a growing trend and has been associated with the resurgence of vaccine-preventable diseases. The aim of this study was to assess vaccine confidence and hesitancy in Brazil, as part of a wider project to map vaccine confidence globally. One thousand subjects were interviewed, either online or face-to-face, based on a general questionnaire regarding perceptions on vaccines and vaccination. Further exploratory questions were used with the su… Show more

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Cited by 88 publications
(86 citation statements)
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“…The spread of conspiracy theories is a matter of concern, since exposition to conspiracy theories may have negative consequences, such as decreasing science acceptance (van der Linden, 2015), reduction in intention to engage in politics (Jolley and Douglas, 2014b) and, in the specific case of anti-vaccine conspiracy theories, can affect vaccination intentions (Jolley and Douglas, 2014a) and the pursuit of alternative vaccination schedules (Callaghan et al, 2019). The issue of mistrust-of vaccines, vaccination providers, or policy makers-is considered a driver for vaccine hesitation (Brown et al, 2018). Thus, the spread of distrust acts as a strategy to promoters of alternative therapies: in doing so, they affirm themselves as trusted sources for the audience and create potential consumers to the courses, books, and therapies they sell.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The spread of conspiracy theories is a matter of concern, since exposition to conspiracy theories may have negative consequences, such as decreasing science acceptance (van der Linden, 2015), reduction in intention to engage in politics (Jolley and Douglas, 2014b) and, in the specific case of anti-vaccine conspiracy theories, can affect vaccination intentions (Jolley and Douglas, 2014a) and the pursuit of alternative vaccination schedules (Callaghan et al, 2019). The issue of mistrust-of vaccines, vaccination providers, or policy makers-is considered a driver for vaccine hesitation (Brown et al, 2018). Thus, the spread of distrust acts as a strategy to promoters of alternative therapies: in doing so, they affirm themselves as trusted sources for the audience and create potential consumers to the courses, books, and therapies they sell.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Vaccine hesitancy is also posing a threat to measles eradication goals [5]. Though the Americas originally declared measles eliminated in 2002, declining coverage of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and growing vaccine hesitancy in Brazil-particularly doubts about vaccine safety and effectiveness [6]-was accompanied by endemic transmission of measles over a year between 2013 and 2015. Measles was re-declared to be eliminated in the Americas in 2016, [7] but challenges persist through the region that threaten this elimination status again.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…However, it is accepted that this is not the sole reason: among other factors that influenced the drop in vaccination coverage since 2016, the emergence of vaccine hesitancy is highlighted. This a phenomenon that has gained importance in various parts of the world and is characterized by the delay in accepting or refusal of the vaccine, regardless of its availability and access to health services 10 , 14 16 .…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…No entanto, aceita-se que essa não seja a única razão: entre outros fatores que influenciaram a queda das coberturas vacinais a partir de 2016, é apontado o surgimento da hesitação vacinal, fenômeno que tem ganhado importância em várias partes do globo e se caracteriza pelo atraso em aceitar ou pela recusa da vacina, independentemente de sua disponibilidade e do acesso aos serviços de saúde 10 , 14 16 .…”
Section: Introductionunclassified