volume 41, issue 3, P258-264 2013
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcms.2012.10.005
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Michael A. Ermer, Ralf Gutwald, Martin Schumacher, Rainer Schmelzeisen, Christian Taschner

Abstract: In extensive vascular malformations of the head and neck, complete surgical removal is often impossible and associated with high risk of complications and mortality. Endovascular embolization is limited by the location of the AVM and can potentially cause stroke, ischaemia, necrosis, bleeding, blindness and adverse haemodynamic changes.