volume 40, issue 17, P3151-3166 2006
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.07.012
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M. Maurer, W. Pronk, T.A. Larsen

Abstract: The separate collection and treatment of urine has attracted considerable attention in the engineering community in the last few years and is seen as a viable option for enhancing the flexibility of wastewater treatment systems. This comprehensive review focuses on the status of current urine treatment processes and summarises the properties of collected urine. We distinguish between seven main purposes of urine-treatment processes: hygienisation (storage), volume reduction (evaporation, freeze-thaw, reverse o…

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