Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) is nonatherosclerotic inflammatory disease of the peripheral blood vessels, and TAO affects the small and medium sized vessels of the extremities. TAO is mainly seen in young males who smoke, and smoking is strongly associated with the disease course and progression. The diagnosis is made on the basis of the history, the physical examination and the clinical diagnostic criteria. As the bedrock for treating patients with TAO, absolute abstinence from tobacco is most important f…
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