volume 5, issue 2, P119-120 2002
DOI: 10.1017/s1367943002002160
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Abstract: The search for easy‐to‐use indices that substitute for direct estimation of animal density is a common theme in wildlife and conservation science, but one fraught with well‐known perils (Nichols & Conroy, 1996; Yoccoz, Nichols & Boulinier, 2001; Pollock et al., 2002). To establish the utility of an index as a substitute for an estimate of density, one must: (1) demonstrate a functional relationship between the index and density that is invariant over the desired scope of inference; (2) calibrate the functional…

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