There is ample evidence that experts' performance is mostly due to domain specific knowledge. Some complex memory structures, termed templates, have been theorised to underpin strategic thinking in expert chess players. A behavioural study and computer simulations have been used to test this hypothesis. The behavioural study is the first to show that experts identify strategic systems with more accuracy than novices do. A new artificial neural network model is introduced to implement visuospatial templates. T…
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