2009
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-01017-0_15
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Abstract: During the years, a large number of formal studies have presented evidences of a positive impact of university R&D on firm performance in general and on the location of industrial R&D, in particular. The question is does it also work the other way around? Does industrial R&D function as an attractor for university R&D? What are the behavioural relationships between industrial R&D and university R&D and vice versa? The fact that knowledge flows seem to be spatially bounded implies that proximity matters for the… Show more

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Cited by 17 publications
(15 citation statements)
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References 70 publications
(15 reference statements)
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“…Firms can decide to form alliances with competitors or collaborate with universities in certain research projects. For instance, empirical research by Karlsson and Andersson (2005) shows that there is a strong path-dependence in the location of both industrial and university R&D. Concerning this interdependence, especially the location of industrial R&D seems to be quite sensitive to the location of university R&D.…”
Section: Location Factors Of Randd (External Considerations)mentioning
confidence: 96%
“…activity, (e.g. Jaffe, 1989, Anselin et al, 1997, Harhoff, 1999, Karlsson and Andersson, 2005and Woodward et al, 2006. 3 Using U.S. data Woodward et al (2006) find a positive but small impact of proximity to university research (measured by total university R&D expenditures in science and engineering) on numbers of high-tech start-ups.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…A key factor is the mobility of skilled personnel with all levels of education, who make up the foundation upon which companies' innovation potential is built. Second, there is also the research by either public universities or PRIs, which directly or (in the case of basic research) indirectly could be converted into innovations (see [Jaffe, 1986;Karlsson, Andersson, 2005]). …”
Section: Private Companiesmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Jaffe, 1989, Anselin et al, 1997, Harhoff, 1999, Karlsson and Andersson, 2005, Woodward et al, 2006. 2 Using U.S. data Woodward et al (2006) find a positive but small impact of proximity to university research (measured by total university R&D expenditures in science and engineering) on numbers of high-tech start-ups.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The mass spectrum of hippodamin (I) indicates an empirical formula Cl3HZ3N and shows a fragmentation pattern nearly identical to that of the known alkaloid precoccinellin (111) [l] (that has been shown [2] to be 2-methyl-cis,trans,cis-perhydro-9b-azaphenalene with the methyl group equatorial [4]) from which it is readily differentiated by TLC and minor features of the IR spectrum. The pmr spectra of 1 and I11 are likewise very similar, strongly suggesting that 1 is a stereoisomer of 111.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%