2020
DOI: 10.1590/1984-0462/2020/38/2018164 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the association between small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and weight and height impairment in children and adolescents with gastroenterology diseases. Methods: Observational and retrospective study. All 162 patients aged less than 19 years old who underwent breath test in search of SIBO between 2011 and 2016 were studied. Breath test was collected after the intake of 10 grams of lactulose. The concentration of hydrogen and methane was measured for 180 minutes after the beginn… Show more

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“…Additionally, SIBO may be accompanied by a decrease in the absorptive surface 41,42 . Similar to the findings observed in our study, these abnormalities generally cause discrete nutritional deficits, revealing differences in the Z‐score values between the two groups 39‐41 . Environmental enteric dysfunction (environmental or tropical enteropathy) is a structural and functional intestinal disorder that results from environmental factors and may cause, among other consequences, changes in the weight and growth of children living in unfavourable sanitary conditions 43,44 .…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…In addition, we showed a difference in the mean height/age and BMI/age score Z ( P < .05) of approximately 0.5 and 0.7 SD, respectively, between adolescents with and without SIBO. This relationship was recently found in a study conducted by our group in children with SIBO with associated gastrointestinal tract diseases 39 and in children living in slums 40 . Previous data have shown lower linear growth in children with SIBO than in children without SIBO who were followed from birth to 2 years of age.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting