2016
DOI: 10.1590/1806-9282.62.06.506
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Abstract: We screened the main diagnosis of all ED attendances and hospital admissions of children under 5 years in an electronic registry system database and calculated the rates of ED visits and hospital admissions. The reduction rate was analyzed according to the following formula: reduction (%) = (1 -odds ratio) x 100. Results: The rates of ED visits for acute diarrhea was 85.8 and 80.9 per 1,000 total ED visits in the pre and post vaccination periods, respectively, resulting in 6% reduction (95CI 4 to 9%, p<0.001).… Show more

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Cited by 7 publications
(4 citation statements)
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“…Diarrhea has multi-causative-agents including virus, bacteria, and protozoa where the common once are rotavirus (the leading), escherichia coli, vibrio cholerae, shigella, entamoeba histolytica, and giardia lamblia [5][6][7][8]. Its' most common risk factors are lack of safe drinking water & using untreated pathogenic water either for drinking or food preparation, poor sewage treatment, and lack of basic sanitation facilities [9][10][11].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Diarrhea has multi-causative-agents including virus, bacteria, and protozoa where the common once are rotavirus (the leading), escherichia coli, vibrio cholerae, shigella, entamoeba histolytica, and giardia lamblia [5][6][7][8]. Its' most common risk factors are lack of safe drinking water & using untreated pathogenic water either for drinking or food preparation, poor sewage treatment, and lack of basic sanitation facilities [9][10][11].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This is most evident in underdeveloped and developing countries. Vibrio Cholerae , Shigella [ 5 7 ], entamoeba histolytica , giardia lamblia [ 8 ], rotavirus and Escherichia coli are present in most diarrhea outbreaks in developing countries [ 2 , 3 , 9 12 , 8 ], in which rotavirus is the main etiologic agent [ 13 ]. Approximately 2 million cases of people with diarrheal diseases are reported every year, of which 1.9 million are under 5–year-old children that evolve to death in developing countries [ 3 , 4 , 9 , 11 , 14 ].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Between 2000 and 2009, 80% of the 24 thousand deaths registered in DATASUS were under 1-year-old children [ 14 , 17 ]. In the Northern region, diarrhea is considered the 8th cause of infant mortality [ 18 ]; 40% of hospitalizations are caused by rotavirus and its transmission has a seasonal character [ 13 ], varying according to climatic events, seasons and geographical location [ 14 , 18 ], basic sanitation, adequate garbage disposal, and hygiene [ 19 ]. Infant mortality has declined considerably in Brazil in the last 10 years, especially due to the decrease in the number of deaths caused by diarrhea [ 8 ].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Over the last decade, rotavirus vaccines have been introduced in many resource-limited countries. Their impact on morbidity and mortality due to rotavirus diseases have been significant [2], [3], [4], [5], [6].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%