Abstract:Introduction: Diabetes has become an epidemic and is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. Hyperglycemia in diabetes is responsible for damaging of the endothelium and increases inflammation on the surface of the vascular lining. The inflammatory process in diabetes is associated with the secretion of inflammatory cytokines by endothelial cells, e.g., tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) and by a reduction of cell proliferation.Humus waters (HW) containing humus acids with sources in… Show more
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