volume 236, issue 18, P1909-1921 2006
DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2006.02.003
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Abstract: We performed corrosion tests of 1000 h each on approximately 20 types of structural steels (austenitic, ferritic and martensitic) in convection loops with flowing Pb-Bi at 500, 450 and 400 • C and a temperature gradient of 100 • C. These experiments were performed in liquid Pb-Bi with different oxygen concentrations (from approximately 1 × 10 −6 to 2 × 10 −5 wt.%) to ascertain at what oxygen concentration and up to what temperature the oxygen technology can create protective oxide or spinel layers to reduce o…

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