volume 51, issue 1, P10-18 2011
DOI: 10.1021/bi2017014
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Abstract: Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is the main protein of plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL, or good cholesterol) that remove excess cell cholesterol and protect against atherosclerosis. In hereditary amyloidosis, mutations in apoA-I promote its proteolysis and the deposition of the 9–11 kDa N-terminal fragments as fibrils in vital organs such as kidney, liver, and heart, causing organ damage. All known amyloidogenic mutations in human apoA-I are clustered in two residue segments, 26–107 and 154–178. The X-ray c…

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