1997
DOI: 10.1080/109158197227008
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Abstract: The health risks posed by soil pollutants are generally thought to be due to soilingestion and have often resulted in massive regulatory efforts to remedy such contamination. The contribution of this route to the actual human health hazard has been questioned, however, as soil removal alone seems to have little influence on the body burdens of soil contaminants in exposed individuals. Ongoing research also has repeatedly and substantially reduced the estimates of soilingested daily. Because comparatively littl… Show more

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Cited by 81 publications
(55 citation statements)
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“…The results raise concerns regarding human exposure to the contaminated soil and dust, and in particular children, because of their long exposure period to these media during play activities and other behavioral characteristics e.g. ingestion of non-food items and regular hand-to-mouth contact (Paustenbach et al, 1997;Lioy et al, 2002;Butte, 2004;Roberts and Ott, 2007;Hwang et al, 2008).…”
Section: Floor Dust and Outdoor Soilmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The results raise concerns regarding human exposure to the contaminated soil and dust, and in particular children, because of their long exposure period to these media during play activities and other behavioral characteristics e.g. ingestion of non-food items and regular hand-to-mouth contact (Paustenbach et al, 1997;Lioy et al, 2002;Butte, 2004;Roberts and Ott, 2007;Hwang et al, 2008).…”
Section: Floor Dust and Outdoor Soilmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The indoor dust was collected from different house compartments and connecting areas excluding potentially wet areas to protect the integrity of the sample. As children under the age of 5 years old are more likely to ingest dust and spend most of their time indoors, usually playing on the floor or on carpets (Paustenbach et al 1997;Davis and Mirick 2006), dust particles were collected from both surfaces. Carpets and rugs are probably the most efficient "traps" for dust and normal cleaning does not remove the dust load that rapidly accumulates.…”
Section: House Dust Collection and Analysismentioning
confidence: 99%
“…But the ageing processes that are effective at outdoor removal of contaminants do not operate, or they operate at reduced efficiency, indoors compared to outdoors, because contaminants in indoor dusts are protected from sunlight, rain, temperature extremes, and microbial action, in particular dust trapped in carpets and drapes (Paustenbach et al 1997;Bierkens et al 2011).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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