2014
DOI: 10.36854/widok/2014.5.1448
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Abstract: The uprisings and protest movements of 2011 (the so-called Arab Spring, "indignados," Occupy Wall Street, etc.) have been widely considered groundbreaking because of their leaderless structures. Owing to the absence of unequivocally leading figures, the symbolic and practical role of urban space has been emphasized in popular media and scholarship alike. Next to the widely circulated and discussed images of Tahrir Square, Puerta del Sol, and Zucotti Park, however, another type of image has been prevalent, that…

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