Slow crack growth was measured in the perpendicular and parallel directions relative to the extrusion direction of the pipe. For five pipes from different manufacturers, the anisotropy factor, the lifetime to fracture in the perpendicular direction divided by lifetime in the parallel direction, varied from 1.2 to 4.7 for complete fracture and 1.4 to 4.0 for crack initiation. The degree of molecular orientation was determined by measuring the shrinkage that occured when a pipe specimen was heated near…
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