Background/Aims: Inflammation is the body’s natural response to stress in the broadest sense. The regulatory mechanisms that control this process, some of which are still unclear, are needed to balance the immune response, but also when insufficient, can cause immunodeficiency resulting in infection, cancer, neurodegeneration or other serious disorders. In this study, we focused on defining the role of lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1), an enzyme involved in modulating the methylation state of lysine, including histone and non-histone proteins, in shaping the inflammatory profile of endothelial cells. Methods: To determine the role of LSD1 in the inflammatory response of ECs, cells were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (100 ng/ml LPS) in the presence and absence of an LSD1 inhibitor (2-PCPA). A transcription model of LSD1 deficient cells (HMEC-1 LSD1 KD) obtained by lentiviral shRNA transduction was also used. The indicated cellular models were analyzed by gene profiling, monitoring of p65 shuttling by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. Also chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) was performed to identify the interactions between selected: IL-6/p65 and LSD1. Results: Analysis of both experimental models revealed an altered inflammatory response following both LSD1 inhibition and LSD1 silencing. We observed decreased U-937 monocytes recruitment to LPS-activated endothelial cells and decreased extracellular secretion of many proinflammatory cytokines, also confirmed at the transcript level by RT-qPCR. Monitoring of the LPS-induced p65 translocation revealed inhibition of the NF-κB subunit in LSD1 KD vs nonT as well as due to pretreatment of 2-PCPA cells. Gene profiling performed with RNA microarrays confirmed the obtained biochemical data at the transcript level. Conclusion: In conclusion, the conducted studies showed a proinflammatory profile of LSD1 activity in endothelial cells, revealed by the inhibition of the enzyme activity and confirmed at the transcriptional level by the inhibition of its expression. Although we found significant changes in the modification of interactions between monocytes and endothelial cells as well as in cytokine/chemokine release and expression that were consistent with the altered NF-κB-p65 translocation into the nucleus, we did not identify a direct interaction between LSD1 and the transcription factor. Our finding may have important implications for prevention of cardiovascular diseases at their first stage - activation of the endothelium as well as for tumor cell biology, providing evidence for the use of LSD1 inhibitors to reduce the inflammatory response, which enhances tumor tissue remodeling, angiogenesis and metastasis.