2021
DOI: 10.3390/pathogens10010039
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Systematic Review of Wolbachia Symbiont Detection in Mosquitoes: An Entangled Topic about Methodological Power and True Symbiosis

Abstract: Wolbachia is an endosymbiotic bacterium that naturally infects several arthropods and nematode species. Wolbachia gained particular attention due to its impact on their host fitness and the capacity of specific Wolbachia strains in reducing pathogen vector and agricultural pest populations and pathogens transmission. Despite the success of mosquito/pathogen control programs using Wolbachia-infected mosquito release, little is known about the abundance and distribution of Wolbachia in most mosquito species, a c… Show more

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Cited by 29 publications
(15 citation statements)
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“…Also, Cx. pipiens specimens in Estonia were found to be infected with the intercellular symbiont Wolbachia pipientis, which agrees with the published literature (Bergman & Hesson 2021;Inácio da Silva et al 2021). No attempts were made to identify the "molestus" biotype of Cx.…”
Section: Anopheles (Anopheles) Claviger (Meigen 1804) (Fig 4d)supporting
confidence: 87%
“…Also, Cx. pipiens specimens in Estonia were found to be infected with the intercellular symbiont Wolbachia pipientis, which agrees with the published literature (Bergman & Hesson 2021;Inácio da Silva et al 2021). No attempts were made to identify the "molestus" biotype of Cx.…”
Section: Anopheles (Anopheles) Claviger (Meigen 1804) (Fig 4d)supporting
confidence: 87%
“…There are many reviews summarizing the state of knowledge about Wolbachia infection groups of insects, including Heteropteran bugs [16], springtails [17], ants [18] wasps [19], butterflies [20], and mosquitoes [21]. Despite this progress in studies on Wolbachia infection in insects, knowledge about its interaction with species in the order Coleoptera is still sparse [22].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This could increase the effectiveness of the PCR assays, as they would amplify actively expressed genes rather than the scenarios below. A recent systematic review discussed the different scenarios in which Wolbachia could be detected in a mosquito [ 23 ]. The authors pointed out that under scenarios such as a mosquito with an endogenized gene from Wolbachia , environmental contamination, or a mosquito infected with a nematode infected with Wolbachia , Wolbachia would be detectable by PCR assay, nested PCR assay, qPCR, and possibly MLST.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Gomes et al were only able to amplify three out of five genes, and Jeffries et al were unable to amplify any MLST genes in multiple sample groups [ 18 , 20 ]. This may indicate that environmental contamination is present or that divergence among these genes has emerged, precluding the use of the standard MLST primer set [ 18 , 22 , 23 ].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%