2015
DOI: 10.1590/s1984-82502015000100002 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: The interest in sustainable products has increased along the years, since the choice of products, packaging and production processes have a great impact on the environment. These products are classified by regulatory agencies in different categories, aggregating advantages to the product and increasing the demand by consumers. However, there is no harmonization in guidelines of these certifying agencies and each cosmetic industry formulates their product and packaging in a more rational way, which causes less … Show more

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“…12,13 According to total number of patents by IPC classifications, as depicted in Figure 2, most patent applications are related to preparations for skin care, followed by hair treatment and makeup, using or not ingredients from plant origin.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
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“…12,13 According to total number of patents by IPC classifications, as depicted in Figure 2, most patent applications are related to preparations for skin care, followed by hair treatment and makeup, using or not ingredients from plant origin.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
“…Still, the low number of patent deposits evidenced the need of greater effort in explore Brazilian rich biodiversity and turn the knowledge in innovative applications, especially in cosmetic field. 13,17 The number of patent applications retrieved in a combination of IPC A61Q-019* (Preparations for care of the skin) and A61K-008/97 (Similar cosmetic preparations for personal hygiene from vegetable origin) from 1995 to 2015 showed that 41% of cosmetic patents for skin treatment from plant origins were related to anti-aging preparations (A61Q-019/08), 34% to skin whitening (A61Q-019/02), 20% to bath preparations, 3% for the treatment of cellulite (A61Q-019/06) and 2% for skin tanning (A61Q-019/04), as depicted in Figure 4a. Based on the last 5 years (2010-2015), it is also observed a sharp increase in number of patents deposits for anti-aging and whitening skin treatments, as in Figure 4b.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
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“…Many natural products, botanicals, or waste materials-derived from agricultural products, foods and beverages-can be used in cosmetics products [16]. Sensory test was carried out to evaluate the possibility of using natural extracts as ingredients of some cosmetic preparations and their acceptability by consumers.…”
Section: Sensorial Evaluationmentioning
“…As certificações de terceira parte consistem em um conjunto de "regras, procedimentos e métodos pré-definidos voluntários para avaliar, medir, auditar e/ou comunicar sistematicamente o comportamento social e ambiental e/ou o desempenho das empresas" (GILBERT; RASCHE; WADDOCK, 2011 p. 2). Os sistemas de certificação de terceira parte buscam garantir o cumprimento de diretrizes pré-estabelecidas por meio da realização de auditorias e inspeções por organismos independentes, tendo como objetivo verificar ingredientes, processos, produção, acondicionamento das matérias-primas, embalagens, rotulagem, uso de energia, gerenciamento de resíduos, entre outros aspectos, garantindo a qualidade do produto (FONSECA-SANTOS;CORRÊA;CHORILLI, 2015). Do ponto de vista institucional, a abordagem multidisciplinar da chamada Nova Economia Institucional (NEI) estuda as instituições e a maneira como estas interagem com os arranjos organizacionais (MÉNARD; SHIRLEY, 2005).…”
Section: Introductionunclassified