volume 82, issue 10, P70-82 1999
DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1520-6432(199910)82:10<70::aid-ecjb9>3.0.co;2-x
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Abstract: Aiming at a wide range of future applications, such as parallel interconnections and networks, intensive efforts are seen in research and development of surface emitting lasers. This type of semiconductor laser can operate with very low power consumption, and a large number of elements can be integrated in the form of a two‐dimensional array. Elements that operate with microampere current are close to practical application, and a wide range of emission wavelengths have been tried, from the ultraviolet to near‐…

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