Purpose: Wearing a sports mouthguard is not only recommended in collision sports, such as American football, boxing, and rugby football, but also in low-contact sports, such as basketball, handball, and soccer. It is recommended to remove oral prosthetic devices while playing sports to avoid the risk of fracturing the device. However, players with maxillectomy must wear obturator-type prosthetic devices for speech, breathing, and deglutition even while playing sports. Therefore, there is a need for an oral appliance to prevent dental injury while playing sports without the risk of fracturing the device for players who have undergone maxillectomy. In this case, we fabricated and proposed overlay-type and obturator-type customized sports mouthguards for a patient who had undergone maxillectomy and assessments of satisfaction, speech intelligibility, nasopharyngeal closure function, and swallowing function while playing soccer. Results: The patient was only satisfied with the obturator-type mouthguard, and the results of the speech intelligibility, nasopharyngeal closure function, and swallowing tests using the obturator-type mouthguard showed no differences compared to those associated with the previously used prosthetic device. Conclusions: This case may help highlight the importance of providing obturator-type mouthguards for players who have undergone maxillectomy to prevent dental injury and physical and mental discomfort.