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Cited by 4 publications
(6 citation statements)
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“…Malmqvist & Sjöström (1984) and Kuralová & Olejníček (1985) also considered stoneflies and caddis flies to be the principal predators of simuliid populations. Alencar et al . (1999) and Hamada (1998) ranked Odonata and ants, respectively, as very active antagonists of simuliid populations.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Malmqvist & Sjöström (1984) and Kuralová & Olejníček (1985) also considered stoneflies and caddis flies to be the principal predators of simuliid populations. Alencar et al . (1999) and Hamada (1998) ranked Odonata and ants, respectively, as very active antagonists of simuliid populations.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Predation can have a strong influence on community structure, affecting reproduction, feeding, adaptation to abiotic factors and defense, which are the four basic requirements of animals for survival and perpetuation (Peckarsky, 1984). In Brazil, few works have studied predators of black flies, and much of the existing information has been published in abstracts of papers presented at meetings or theses that are not widely circulated (Alencar et al, 1999).…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Biotic factors such as predation (Alencar et al, 1999) and competition (Harding and Colbo, 1981;Hemphill, 1988), although important drivers of the black fly community structure, are rarely investigated in the literature. Thus, the present study held as objective to test the hypothesis that the patterns of co-occurrence of black fly larvae and its potential predators listed in the literature is not random and that there is a correlation between Simuliidae larvae abundances and the abundance of its potential predators.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
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