1999
DOI: 10.1590/s0004-28031999000400006
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Abstract: -Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus is frequently associated with other

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Cited by 13 publications
(52 citation statements)
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References 24 publications
(52 reference statements)
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“…Alcohol drinking and smoking are carcinogens acting synergistically in the development of head and neck primary neoplasms 4,20 -23 and also are important risk factors in developing a second primary neoplasia (esophageal) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma. 12,16,24 Alcohol and tobacco are two well known major risk factors for cancer of the esophagus. 4,5,7,16,21-23,25 -36 In the present study, we verified a higher frequency of second esophageal primary tumor and alcohol drinking.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Alcohol drinking and smoking are carcinogens acting synergistically in the development of head and neck primary neoplasms 4,20 -23 and also are important risk factors in developing a second primary neoplasia (esophageal) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma. 12,16,24 Alcohol and tobacco are two well known major risk factors for cancer of the esophagus. 4,5,7,16,21-23,25 -36 In the present study, we verified a higher frequency of second esophageal primary tumor and alcohol drinking.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Secondary malignancies that occur synchronously are not rare in patients with EC. It was reported that up to 5% of patients had additional cancer of the stomach, the lung or the head and neck [12][13][14] ( Table 3). The false positive findings on FDG-PET scans are mostly caused by the fact that FDG illustrates glucose metabolism and is, therefore, not tumour specific.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…After 2 days, nonadherent spleen cells were removed, and plastic adherents cells were maintained in culture with 30 ml of complete RPMI medium supplemented with r‐IL2 for 5 more days. A‐NK cells were harvested after a short treatment with 0.02% EDTA [14, 17].…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%